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GCSE Food Technology Controlled Assessment. Religions Essay! The controlled assessment makes up 60% of your overall grade so it is as freedom, really important that you know what is involved and take an Western Religions, interest in researching the products you are making and developing. You cannot work on your controlled assessment outside of lesson time, however you can research recipes and developments, existing products and The Changing of Cleopatra's Essay, ask others for their opinions on products you have made and might want to Religions make for the project. This is how your work is assessed: The first stage is Feminism and Porn, choosing an appropriate design task. You should choose a top and Western Religions, brief that interests you and that best suits the Depictions of Cleopatra's skills that you have developed. You should choose from the Western Religions attached list of tasks: As a starting point you should then research the topic and find out about as much information and existing products as you can. Paule Marshall! A useful way to present this information is as a moodboard.

This is only a starting point but will help you gather a wide range of information in Western, one place as a starting point. Your work will be presented on dinner with dad, A3 landscape so you need to take this into consideration when setting out Religions, your work. 2. Design Brief and Analysis of the Task. The design brief is the restaurant start of the GCSE coursework. You will be provided with a task by your teacher which has been selected from a list of Religions, tasks provided by AQA (the examination board). Your design brief should clearly state your intentions and Depictions, what you hope to achieve. Essay! In order to gain top marks you are required to meaning of customer read the context, highlight the key words and write a summary where you analyse and list the key points.

What ingredients could be suitable? Will the ingredients have a social/moral/cultural aspect related to them? e.g fairtrade, organic, food miles etc. Who is the target market? How could the ingredients be used/combined? What finishing techniques could I apply? What manufacturing processes could I use to manufacture my product? What is the products main purpose? i.e which meal/snack/tmg. What will its appearance, theme be? How big or small could it be? What will be the most appropriate shape/weight? Where will the product be sold/consumed?

Are there any suitable standard components you could use? 3. Specialist Research into the Design Brief. 4. Existing Product Research. Western Religions Essay! This is a summary of amaranth restaurant, current products available similar to the one you have chosen to develop as your final product. You will also need to carry out a detailed product dissassembly of a similar product before you begin your development section. 5. Social, Moral, Spiritual and Cultural Aspects of the Design Brief. 6. Customer Research Questionnaire. A very important aspect of research work is a survey or questionnaire. This will show the examiner that you have produced individual research relating directly to your project. A questionnaire is usually composed of a series of Essay, questions that are put to a number of people.

The results can be collected as a table of results and/or a graph or pictogram. Questionnaire#8217;s) can help you design your product because they may tell you what the market wants. –A number of possible options is given e.g. What’s your favourite vegetable? –This type restricts the answer to a Yes or No e.g. Do you like broccoli? –This type of question allows to interviewee to answer in more detail. These type of questions can be useful but can make it difficult for the results to be displayed graphically e.g. What do you think the benefits of eating wholemeal pasta are?

–This allows the Feminism and Porn Essay answer to Essay be given according to dinner with dad how strongly someone feels e.g.: Do you think that pasta is a good source of energy? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. Present your results in graphical form where possible. This is a good opportunity to use your ICT skills. On your results page make some conclusions. What do your results tell you? How will it help you in Western, your design? Use the #8220;findings from#8221; box for a final summary of paule marshall, what you#8217;ve learned. e.g. From the Religions question below we can infer that the most popular fruit is raspberry, this helps with my design as I now know that this would be a popular flavour to incorporate into my product . 7. Amaranth! Analysis of Religions, Research and Design Specification.

Research Analysis needs to summarise all the things you have learned from your research section. Essentially putting all your #8220;findings from#8221; together. The analysis of your research should lead you on to your design specification as follows: A design specification list of requirements that your designs should aim to fulfill. This will be used to dinner with dad measure the success of your final design so you must always design towards these limitations. Religions! All the criteria must come from the results of your research (otherwise your results have no value and you will have wasted a big number of marks). Write your specification points in The Changing of Cleopatra's Legacy, full sentences, not in note form. Explain them if necessary, say how they’ve been decided and why (relate to your research).

For example: The price of the Religions meal should be between ?1.50 and ?2.75 as this was the amaranth range of prices I found when I did my supermarket research. Western Essay! To avoid having too many restrictions in your specification give a range so that your designs can meet the specification more easily. For example: The results of my consumer survey show that the of customer type of dish should be continental. This can include Indian, Chinese, Mexican, etc. Western Religions Essay! Your initial design ideas are an and Porn, opportunity to explore possible solutions that meet the design brief that has been set and the specification.

You should produce 12 initial ideas. Western Essay! Annotation should be added to dinner with dad explain your ideas in detail and depth. Annotations should include: name of Essay, product description of amaranth restaurant, product weight size (h,w,d) appearance (colour) ingredients (inc. functions and nutrition) sensory vocabulary (i.e. sweet, chewy, crunchy, soft, hot, spicy etc.) comment on positive/negative health benefits allergies/special diets notes on decoration or finishing techniques (e.g. piping, glazing, grilling) standard components used preparation skills/techniques involved in manufacture special equipment required to manufacture (i.e. pasta machine) When producing your design ideas you should be as imaginative as possible, use your research carefully and design new and innovative solutions to the problem set, linking them to the target market identified. 9. Design Ideas/Recipe Trials. quantities of ingredients (inc. functions) skills used equipment used specification points product meets photo cost evaluation development ideas sensory evaluation (star profile) Peeling Slicing Dicing Grating Marinating Coating Glazing Bread Making Sauces Pastry Making Pasta Making Grilling. Frying Baking Stirfrying Roasting Microwaving Boiling Simmering Poaching Steaming Rubbing in Method Melting Method Creaming Whisking. This is a more detailed specification, usually written when the final product has been decided upon. It may be given to a chef in a test kitchen and then will undergo sensory testing before the decision is made to produce it on a large scale. #8220;The pastry will be rolled out to 15cm squares.#8221; #8220;It will contain mushrooms, sweetcorn, cheese sauce and chicken.#8221;

#8220;It will cost between ?1 and ?1.50p.#8221; Here are some ideas of what to Western Essay include to produce a successful specification#8230; Describe colour, texture, flavour, aroma etc#8230; Specific dimensions (with a sketch) for instance, weight, size, shape. Specific qualities of ingredients for example, percentage of fat in meat, size of cherries. Names of paule marshall, ingredients with weights and proportions to use for example, #8220;200g butter, 450g flaked haddock.#8221; Specific tolerances for example, thickness of pastry, viscosity (runniness) of sauce. The size to which ingredients must be cut for Religions example, the exact shape and size of pieces of fruit and vegetables, the nozzle size for mincing meat, the slicing grade for meaning of customer carrots, the grating size for cheese. Types of cooking methods and cooking temperatures with critical control points. Cooling times and Essay, methods. Finishing techniques for dinner with dad example, #8220;Brush with whole egg glaze before baking#8221;, #8220;Fill centre of Western, cake with fresh whipped cream to a thickness of of customer, 2cm#8221;, #8220;Decorate with six slices of tomato and one teaspoonful of Western Religions Essay, mixed herbs before cooking#8221;, #8220;Cover surface of biscuit with white rolled icing to a thickness of 0.5cm.#8221; Specific details of packaging requirements for paule marshall example, microwavable dish with sealed film covering in crushproof sleeve.#8221; Wording for Religions Essay the label, which will provide information for the consumer about ingredients, nutrition, the name of the product, storage and cooking/reheating instructions, shelf life, etc.

Sometimes a photograph is used to help a manufacturer to meet that specification. This would normally still need additional written information, but is paule marshall, useful in large-scale catering where a meal is being assembled on a plate from bought components. Identifiey potential allergy risks. Once you have analysed your trial products and have a good idea of what could be developed into a final design you can begin to Western experiment and develop your ideas further. To gain higher marks you should look to develop your idea by looking at:

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Patairiya (2000) further narrates that a questionnaire related to chemistry way. Delhi , Hindi , Popular science 1626 Words | 5 Pages. 26/6/2013 Essay on Religions “Advantage and paule marshall Disadvantage of Telephone” in Hindi Essay on Essay “Advantage and Disadvantage of . Telephone” in Hindi by Nilakshi Read this Essay on “Benefit and Loss of dinner with dad Telephone” in Hindi language. essay -on-advantage-and-disadvantage-of-telephone-in- hindi 1/6 6/27/13 Essay on “Advantage and Disadvantage of Telephone” in Hindi essay -on-advantage-and-disadvantage-of-telephone-in- hindi 2/6 6/27/13 . 6th Marine Regiment , All rights reserved , Bihar 342 Words | 3 Pages. Hindi Nationalism This piece on Essay Hindu nationalism, written by Alok Rai, deals with the coming of modern Hindi in the late 90s . and the early 20s. Alok Rai who is also known as a critical thinker, theorist and also the paule marshall, grandson of Premchand makes his readers aware of the process of modernization in Religions the case of language. In this essay we get to witness a connection between Hindi (old Hindi ) and and Porn “ Hindi ” (new Hindi ). Making of Hindi as a modern language connects to the programme of the Religions Essay, imagining the.

Braj Bhasha , Hindi , Hindi languages 1413 Words | 4 Pages. The constitution of India (Article 343) recognises Hindi as the official language of India. Hindi is also the main language in of customer . many states of India such as Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal/ Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh and Himachal Pradesh. It is spoken by more than 437 million people in the world. Religions? The other dialects of Hindi are Brajbhasha, Bundeli, Awadhi, Marwari, Maithili, Bhojpuri, to paule marshall, name only a few. Hindi can be traced back to Religions, as early as the seventh or eighth. Chhayavaad , Hindi , Hindi literature 1435 Words | 5 Pages. and a few minor language families and Depictions Legacy isolates.[3] India has no official national language.[4] The official language of the Union Government of Western Republic of . India is Standard Hindi , whileEnglish is the secondary official language.[5] The constitution of India states that The official language of the Union shall be Hindi inDevanagari script.[6] a position supported by a High Court ruling.[7] However, languages listed in the Eighth Schedule of the amaranth, Indian constitution are sometimes referred to, without. Buddhism , Hindi , Hindu 2230 Words | 5 Pages.

contributed towards the development of the language. The Urdu- Hindi controversy started with the fall of the Mughal Empire. This is because . the Hindus felt that Urdu was a language of the invaders as many Turkish, Arabic and Western Religions Essay Persian words had been added to Legacy, it. Therefore, the Hindus demanded a separate language which could rightly identify them and be nearer to Religions Essay, their religion. Rahman (1996) says that according to the linguists, Urdu and Hindi are ‘two styles of the same language’ as their basic vocabulary. Hindi , Hindustani language , India 1338 Words | 4 Pages.

? LIST OF MEMBERS OF EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (INDUSTRY-1) S.N. Name and Address S.N. Name and Address 1. DR. Restaurant? T.S. VIJAYARAGHAWAN IAS (RTD) . Chairman, 81-Valmiki Street Thiruvanmiyur-600 041 Chennai E-mail: 2. SHRI SHIBAN RAINA Vice Chairman F-704, BPTP , PARK GRANDEURA SECTOR- 82, FARIDABAD --- HARYANA. E-mail: / 3. PROF. R.C.

GUPTA Former Head Department of Metallurgical Engineering (A Centre of. Delhi , Haryana , Hindi 301 Words | 2 Pages. Munshi Premchand (1880-1936) Premchand was the pen name adopted by the Hindi writer Dhanpatrai who was born on Western 31 July 1880 at Lamati near . Varanasi. His early education was in a madarasa under a Maulavi, where he learnt Urdu. Dinner With Dad? When he was studying in the ninth class he was married, much against Western Religions, his wishes. Depictions Legacy Essay? He was then fifteen. In 1919, while he was a teacher at Gorakhpur, he passed his B.A., with English, Persian and History. He had a second marriage with Shivarani Devi, a child-widow, who wrote. Fiction , Hindi , India 1438 Words | 4 Pages. Language Comprehension skills (Class X level). Note 1 : Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (last item in the . Western Essay? Syllabus of Paper?II) will be tested through passages from English language only Essay, without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.

Note 2 : The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type. Note 3: It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Religions Essay, Papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination for dinner with dad, the purpose of evaluation. English language , Geography , Hindi 1202 Words | 5 Pages. Role of Language and Western Script in Raising the Religious Revivalism in paule marshall Colonial Punjab Ayesha Tabbasum. Press Karachi, university of karachi2006) 807. Language Controversy between Urdu and Hindi Although it was religion which was the key . defining feature of Muslim identity, the Urdu language was an important symbol. For Hindus, except for Western Religions Essay, the religious communities, the symbol of religion had to be played down to avoid alienating other major religious communities. However, despite linguistic pluralism, the Hindi language remained an of customer, important symbol in Western Religions Essay the construction of the Hindu identity for the.

Delhi , Hindi , Hindustani language 1594 Words | 5 Pages. Influence of Indian Culture on Blackberry Advertising. tongues. The Indian Constitution declares Hindi to be the official language of the Union. Hindi is also the mother tongue of dinner with dad . about 20% of the Indian population in the area known as the ' Hindi -belt' or the 'cow-belt' of Essay northern India.

This includes the states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand / Uttaranchal, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh and Rajasthan. Haryana and of customer Himachal Pradesh also have Hindi as their official language. Like the other languages of the north, Hindi is Religions Essay, of Indo-Aryan origin. But in south. Dravidian languages , Hindi , India 2100 Words | 7 Pages. The Reason Of The Respondents For Watching Music Videos.

iinterpret visually so makikita ko po sa music video yung meaning nung kanta kasi may mga kanta pong kapag pinakinggan mo mahirap siyang intindihin, di mo . magets pero kapag napanuod mo, malalaman mo na about pala yun sa politics, about dinner with dad, pala siya sa ganito hindi pala siya about sa love.” (There are music that if you listen to it, it's already beautiful and I'll be curious if how would they interpret it visually and Religions Essay I'll see the The Changing of Cleopatra's Legacy, meaning of the song through its music video because there songs that are hard. Experimental film , Hindi , Meaning of Religions Essay life 1197 Words | 6 Pages. Argumentative Essay Social responsibility is an ideal topic for debate; there have been mixed results for companies and individuals who have . pursued social responsibility. Meaning? There is also the question of whether social responsibility should be motivated by a perceived benefit.This type of essay is based on Western Religions Essay philosophical theories on the necessity of dinner with dad social responsibility backed up with facts about Western, previous social responsibility efforts. The Changing Depictions Legacy Essay? For example, an essay could be about how giving support to disaster. Essay , Essays , Qualitative research 555 Words | 3 Pages. HISTORY PROJECT MUNSHI PREMCHAND Munshi Premchand (Urdu: ???? ???? ????, Hindi : ????? ????????, pronounced [m?n?i pre?m t???nd?] ( listen)) . (July 31, 1880 – October 8, 1936) was an Western Religions, Indian writer famous for his modern Hindustani literature.

He is one of the most celebrated writers of the Indian subcontinent,[1] and development is regarded as one of the foremost Hindustani writers of the early twentieth century.[2] Born Dhanpat Rai Srivastav, he began writing under the Western Religions, pen name Nawab Rai, but subsequently. Fiction , Hindi , Hindustani language 1574 Words | 5 Pages. Bankers Adda How to write Essay in SBI PO Exam? Dear readers, as you know that SBI PO 2014 Paper will also contain a Descriptive Test of . 50 marks (1 hour duration), which will consist of English Language Comprehension, Short Precis, Letter Writing Essay ). So, here we are presenting you How to write Essay ? and few points to restaurant, remember while writing an essay in the exam, which will be important for upcoming SBI PO exam. How to Western Essay, write an essay ? 1. Analyze the prompt. Amaranth Restaurant? Note exactly what. Essay , Jawaharlal Nehru , Linguistics 812 Words | 4 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an attempt or effort. Western Religions? a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in telecommunications a trial design of paule marshall a postage stamp yet to Religions, be accepted. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. attempt or try. essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in the sense ‘test the. Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages.

probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in any class. An essay is a literary composition that expresses a . certain idea, claim, or concept and Feminism backs it up with supporting statements. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and Religions Essay a conclusion (summary of statements and support). Feminism? English and Western Essay literature teachers use them on dinner with dad a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of Western classes. Essay exams are also a. Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages.

Shifting Paradigms: Methods, Techniques, of Teaching English. introduction and several historical parameters testify to this fact. Controversies do exist even today at the socio-cultural level regarding the amaranth, relative . Western Religions? acceptability of English and its most formidable regional rival, now the paule marshall, national language of India -- Hindi . Interestingly, language as a problem never emerged as a concern of the Essay, multitudes during a few thousand years old history of the country when by name, it stood for a combination of large princely states and small empires. But with the onset of British. English language , Hindi , India 2383 Words | 7 Pages. puno ng hinagpis, Parang sugat na humahapdi, lalong tinitistis. Paule Marshall? At naalala ko ang wala nang mahal ko Na naparaan sa aking mundo, Parang ulap na bumitin . nang ilang saglit, Saka nagpatuloy sa maraming lakad sa himpapawid At, sa tingin ko, hindi na, hindi babalik. Ways of Religions Essay Dying Anthony L. Tan Whichever way the restaurant, wind blows They fall with the flowers Ever so gently, shaken down from twigs.

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languages in our country. Paule Marshall? They are: 1. Assamese 2. Bengali 3. Gujarati 4. Hindi 5. Kannada 6. Religions? Kashmiri 7. Konkani 8. Malayalam 9. . Manipuri 10. Marathi 11. Nepali 12. Depictions Of Cleopatra's Essay? Oriya 13. Punjabi 14. Sanskrit 15. Sindhi 16. Tamil 17. Telugu 18. Urdu All the languages have their own scripts, most of which are written from left to right.

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English: Is the Official Working Language of India. State Languages Each state in India has a main Language that can be used for Essay, official purpose within the state, in Western Religions Essay addition to Hindi and English. The Changing Legacy? There are 29 states in India Northern States Official Languages States where Hindi is the Religions Essay, official language: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Uttrakhand. Assam , Hindi , India 383 Words | 5 Pages. pinagdadaanan nila, I'd rather choose to stay on Feminism and Porn my class. Religions? Ah! Oo nga pala. Ako po pala si Nelle Bautista, fourth year highschool. A photojournalist . and English club president, from Class B. Goodmorning everyone.. Blah.

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With the coming of Insha's Darya-e-Latafat*, a . need was felt to differentiate Urdu with other languages especially Hindi . Western Religions? It became a Hindi -Urdu controversy and as a result Khari Boli and Devanagari became the identity of Indians while Urdu and Persian of Muslims. In this context, Persian and Arabic words replaced with Sanskrit served the dinner with dad, purpose of differentiating Hindi from Urdu. Urdu emerged as a distinct. Arabic language , Ghazal , Hindi 1257 Words | 2 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the definition is Western, vague, overlapping with . those of an article, a pamphlet and a short story. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g.

Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages. TRIBE IS BHOJPURI WHICH HAS 1216000 SPEAKERS AND IS FURTHER DIVIDED INTO 3: NORTHERN STD BHOJPURI( GORAKHPURI,ARAWARIA, BASTI), WESTERN STANDARD BHOJPURI( . ) AND SOUTHERN STD BHOJPURI( ). THE OTHER SECONDARY LANGUAGES SPOKEN ARE HINDI , BENGALI, AWADHI, RANGPURI, BAGHELI, MAITHILI, MAGAHI, SADRI, CHHATTISGARHI AND GARHWALI. | | | | | | | RACIAL GROUP: TRIBAL ECONOMY: They practice agricultureand grow crops on someone else’s fields and Feminism Essay are paid for half of the Western Religions Essay, crop. Bihar , Chhattisgarh , Hindi 1441 Words | 5 Pages. ?Karen, Pa-highlight naman ng mga nakuha mo ng subj kasi sa enrollment form mo dito. Hindi ka nagsulat ng mga subj. kaya nahihirapan akong . tapusin yung tor mo. Tsaka nga pala ang binigay mo dito sa school ay hindi transcript of records. Kundi copy of Feminism and Porn Essay grades lang.. kailangan ko kasi yung tor talaga na galing sa pcst kasi yung layout nila ay gagayahin ko sa pinakaunang grade mo. Itong kasunud nitong sulat, yan yung mga subj na kinuha mo sa pcst. PhilAsia Center for Science Technology . Computer , Hindi , Java 299 Words | 4 Pages.

The Indian Culture- Informative Speech. Indian languages) Body: I. India is distinguished by Essay, a large linguistic diversity. A) First, there are languages considered as . majors such as : 1. Hindi which is Legacy, a main language spoken by Western Religions, almost 40% of the Feminism Essay, Indian population. Western? The word I started my speech with is Hindi . Essay? 2. Western Religions? The main language used in trade is English .It is spoken by 2% of the restaurant, population. 3. there are 14 additional languages approved by the constitution . Alzheimer's disease , Curry , Hindi 959 Words | 4 Pages. with a parliamentary system governed under the Western Religions, constitution of India. India is divided into 28 states and 7 union territories.

The Capital of India is . New Delhi and the largest city is dinner with dad, Mumbai. Essay? The most common languages in India are English and Hindi . Here are a few random facts about India: 1. The Changing Of Cleopatra's Essay? The National emblem is called the Lion Capital. It represents Buddha and Western Religions Essay his proclamation of peace and emancipation to development, the four quarters of the universe, that’s why there are four lions. 2. The. Business process outsourcing , Environmentalism , Hindi 1527 Words | 5 Pages. Krishna story developed in Sanskrit from the Mahabharata through the Bhagavata-Purana, to the 12th-century poem by Jaydev, called the Gitagovinda (The . Cowherd's Song); but in Essay about 1400, a group of Feminism and Porn religious love poems written in Maithili (eastern Hindi of Bihar) by the poet Vidyapati were a seminal influence on the cult of Radha-Krishna in Religions Bengal and the whole religio-erotic literature associated with it. C The Bhakti Tradition The full flowering of the Radha-Krishna cult, under the Hindu mystics.

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Nietzsche’s Critique of Western Essay Morality essay. Friedrich Nietzsche was a renowned German philosopher who lived in the late 19 th century. His extensive studies, arguments and counterarguments on morality and ethics are a source of of customer inspiration and the subject of extensive studies. Essay! However, he has attracted an equal measure of controversy and criticism. He was born in the city of as freedom Leipzig and raised under strict Lutheran Church principles. However, views presented in his studies suggest that he was in Western Religions Essay opposition to the Occident which is regarded as the development, core of Christian and Platonic origin and teachings. Therefore, it is with a palpable degree of Western Religions Essay irony that his philosophies negate the stout principles which guided him during his childhood. This research paper shall explore Nietzsche’s critique of Christian morality and establish whether his claim is justifiable.

Overview: Nietzsche’s Approach to dinner with dad Morality. Nietzsche, in Religions his studies on amaranth morality, emphasized the difference between philosophical laborers and true philosophers. Philosophical laborers are bent on rewriting history in an attempt to justify their beliefs or moral concepts. Nietzsche depicted such people as liars and manipulators who were driven by Western Religions Essay, selfish, self-fulfilling objectives. They created an authoritative, seemingly-real past in order to support their abstract ideas. Conversely, genuine philosophers exhaust all past events and facts in and Porn a subjective, broad-minded and Western Religions Essay, creative manner in order to predict mankind’s future. Thus, they attempt to uncover the meaning, truth and create a new, virtuous perspective beneficial to all mankind. Nietzsche regarded Plato as a genuine philosopher. However, he felt that over the centuries, Plato’s philosophies had been manipulated in order to suit philosophical laborers’ presumptions and their fear of the universe’s randomness and futility. Therefore, genuine philosophers were charged with the responsibility of Western Religions Essay reconstructing Platonian principles and the creation of a new platform for evaluating morality.

Under this new and dinner with dad, creative platform, an individual must develop personal moralities. This is evidenced by Western Essay, his rejection of Platonic-Christian dogmatism, more so amongst the youth. Nietzsche insisted that mainstream Christian churches held a dogmatic approach towards the truth; a perspective that was subjectively nihilistic (Nietzsche, 2003, 114). Therefore, Nietzsche sought to establish that reality is never in a constant state of flux; rather, it is dinner with dad, dynamic and always in a transient state. Slave Morality versus Master Morality.

Nietzsche’s critique of Western/Christian principles on morality is manifested in his description of the master-slave morality concept which he referred to as ‘ressentiment.’ He imagined that at Essay, the onset of civilization, proto-humans (people who existed in the early ages) had a beastly consciousness. Thus, their actions were based on random internal drives and basic, desire-ridden impulses. With the Depictions of Cleopatra's Legacy Essay, advent of civilization and Western, the passage of time, people were divided into two major strata: the master race and development, the slave race. Whereas the master race was the minority, they were intellectually gifted. Hence, they managed to subdue the Western Religions Essay, slave race. Over a lengthy period of dominance, the meaning, slave race underwent radical intellectual changes because they were redirected by their masters from acting merely on the basis of their natural instincts. The master race was very oppressive. Therefore, the slave race developed a deep hatred and a culture of resentment towards them.

Arguably, over Religions time, they developed a ‘bad’ conscience. The need to find someone or something to blame for this ‘bad’ conscience led to of customer the emergence of a social-construction figure that slaves could identify as the root of all evil: the demon. Consequently, out of fear of this evil figure, there emerged a need for a supreme, protective being: God. Thus, Nietzsche argues that God, the holiest, divine and supreme Christian being, is an imaginary social construct and the product of a need for protection originally due to the slaves’ deep ‘ressentiment’ for their masters. Hence, Nietzsche feels that Christianity is the ‘greatest curse’ and is a fruit of Western Religions one’s ‘innermost corruption’ and ‘instinct for revenge.’ To him, it is mankind’s ‘immortal blemish’ (Kennedy, 2010, 4-5). Nietzsche is in objection to the herd morality concept because it places value to what he feels is pointless and futile. Thus, its pursuance is for the benefit of ‘lower’ men (comparable to slaves) and of Cleopatra's Legacy, not ‘higher’ men (masters). He argues that if values practiced by Religions, particular individuals are deemed as favorable and successful, then this will lead others towards adopting similar values.

Eventually, this shall create a herd-like populace. Therefore, it is not a principle which man should embrace. Nietzsche’s concept of the herd morality is a refinement of his slave morality theory. In fact, various notions in the slave morality perspective have been refined and represented in a more coherent manner. Of Cleopatra's Legacy Essay! First, the deep fear possessed by slaves is represented as humility.

Secondly, impotence is regarded as the Essay, heart’s power of goodness. Thirdly, cowardice and The Changing of Cleopatra's Essay, submission are referred to as patience and obedience respectively. Moreover, the inability to take revenge is Essay, presented as the willingness to forgive. Finally, the desire to seek revenge is presented as one’s desire for paule marshall justice. Western! Therefore, Nietzsche creates a contrast between principles of amaranth morality. For instance, there is Western Religions, a contrast between happiness and suffering, self-love in opposition to altruism, equality versus social injustices and the contentment of the soul versus satisfaction of the body’s desires. Nietzsche regarded morality and its inherent values as pointless and of no consequence.

In fact, they are impediments to the attainment of glory and greatness. In order to achieve this, one must undergo great suffering, injustices, danger and and Porn Essay, self-sacrifice. Religions! It is in stark contrast to the interests manifested by the majority and thus negates herd morality. Whereas an individual’s well-being ensures that people are submissive and modest, greatness demands an utter neglect of these principles. Nietzsche criticizes this principle and refers to it as both shrewd and absurd.

Whereas it provides a basis via which people who do not have a strong will can control their instinctive drives and emotions, it is restrictive towards the development of great individuals. Dinner With Dad! As the Religions Essay, heard morality took center stage, it lost its ascetic ideal due to the fact that it drives an individual towards happiness and dinner with dad, contentment in this world rather than suffering in this world and achieving redemption and greatness in the next. Hence, this morality concept has led to the deterioration and compromise in the heights that man could have soared to in the Western Religions, past. Therefore, Christianity has fostered a mediocre, uninspired population. Nietzsche’s Critique of dinner with dad Christian Morality. Nietzsche regarded ‘ressentiment’ as toxic to the attainment of greatness, heroism and pride. Its inclusion in the Occident as the founding pillar of Christianity implies that Christians embrace ‘weaker’ values which are extolled as desirable virtues. ‘Ressentiment’ drove early-age populations towards a need to obtain power and seek revenge. However, this was achieved through evaluation of principles and Religions, underlying values instead of attaining greatness.

Nietzsche aptly illustrates that Jews, in an attempt to get rid of the master-slave relationship, rejected the conventional ‘aristocratic value equation (good=aristocratic=powerful=beautiful=happy=loved by as freedom, the gods)’ in favor of the adoption of Western values that depict suffering, poverty, submission and powerlessness as desirable aspects. These ‘lowly’ people would achieve salvation in meaning their next life. However, ‘the rich noble and powerful’ were depicted as ‘eternally wicked, cruel, lustful, insatiate, godless, cursed and damned’ (Nietszche, 2003, 17). Therefore, by a misrepresentation of these values, Jews managed to overthrow their masters, take their long awaited revenge and eternally seize power. Hence, according to Nietzsche, Jesus Christ was not an ultimate figure representing forgiveness, humbleness and love but a climax of the Religions, campaign against oppression. On the other hand, he referred to nobleness as ‘a positive basic concept’ which ‘affirmed itself gratefully and triumphantly.’ This signified his disdain for Christian moral concepts which advocate for submissiveness, humility and leading a lowly life. Meaning! He refers to himself and others like him as ‘we noble ones; we good, beautiful, happy ones’ implying that they are the indisputable masters and that Christian morals were merely a revolt against the master’s yoke (Nietzsche, 2003, 19-20).

An analysis of Nietzsche’s work reveals that there are specific Christian traits that he is totally in opposition to. These are the representation of Western Christian concepts as unconditionally valid, the formulation of morality principles based on ‘ressentiment,’ the notion of ‘free will’ which depicts individuals as independent from their actions, and the ‘ascetic ideal.’ Thus, Nietzsche proposes that philosophers should come up with new values that aptly describe Plato’s underlying values. However, this proposition has been heavily criticized, more so due to the fact that he does not propose these values. Paule Marshall! Hence, in spite of having a valid criticism of Christianity as an abstract form resultant from ‘ressentiment’ his concepts can never be implemented on a practical basis due to several reasons. First, the Platonic-Christian scheme is all-pervasive within world cultures. Thus, there is no suitable context within which his ideas can be accepted and nurtured.

Nietzsche made a fundamental mistake in assuming that all philosophers can be swayed to accept his theories on Religions morality as logically formulated thus rejecting the underlying Christian ethos as the basis of morality. His perspectives on meaning of customer morality and ethics sought to establish the harm accruing to people as a result of Western Religions adopting the status quo. And Porn! For instance, he depicted the virtues practiced under Christianity as hampering the emergence of great, noble people who would control the masses. Nonetheless, having presented a viable and logical perspective, he failed to establish how his concepts could be applied (a presupposed ethos). Secondly, Nietzsche’s approaches in certain meta-ethical discourses are misleading and Religions Essay, fail to interpret the teachings in their context. In his pursuance of a rational standpoint on morality, he seeks to establish that God is non-existent and that He is an abstract being born out of human fear and need for protection. For instance, Jesus Christ insisted that His followers must love their neighbors. This teaching cannot be evaluated on a meta-ethical level but should be interpreted in its context depending on as freedom a particular situation. Nietzsche’s perspectives depict the fact that human minds are very creative. In addition, they present a guard against a dogmatic discourse. Critics feel that Nietzsche’s work was an Essay, attempt at Feminism, presenting his own understanding of the world.

This was greatly hampered by his limited experience of morality and Religions, its inherent virtues. Arguably, Christianity is a highly transferable religion. This is one of the major reasons why it has been passed from one generation to another (Hebrews, Hellenistic monarchists, the Roman Empire and other past kingdoms) for such a long period of time (Kennedy, 2010, 6). Amaranth! Therefore, Christianity accommodates multiple viewpoints and cultures, a fact that Nietzsche completely ignores perhaps due to the fact that he was raised in a stifling and oppressive society which limited his experiences on morality. Thirdly, there has been a raging debate as to whether Nietzsche’s philosophies were the foundation of Essay Nazism.

In his studies, he places profound importance on the concept of humanism. His hierarchical approach places humanity at the top and disregards all notions indicative of the existence of God or nature’s superiority. Therefore, no man is bound to The Changing Depictions Essay worship or revere a divine being; rather, he places authority on the hands of a few elites (masters). He is in favor of a master morality approach in contrast to the Judean-Christian approach manifested in slave morality. Nazism was founded on a need to control based on the self-belief that some people were supreme. However, it is absolutely important to Western Religions differentiate superiority and supremacy. Nietzsche’s philosophies emphasize that a master race controls the slave race because of their intelligence (excellence). This concept is depicted by the ubermensch (‘over-man’), a superman who is superior, great and dinner with dad, heroic. Although Nietzsche does not aptly describe this heroic figure and most of the desirable attributes are a result of the reader’s imagination, this is a dominant figure in his studies.

His contrast of the ‘over-man’ versus the ‘last-man’ presents a clear picture of the heroic superman. Whereas ‘over-man’ is described as ‘he will be to men what men are to apes, ‘last man’ is described as a person who is of no service to fellow man and is incapable of fathering children. Religions Essay! Hence, ‘over-man’ represents an evolutionary leap which justifies his superior status beyond other men. Nonetheless, his philosophies are naïve and could be ultimately potent if misinterpreted by meaning of customer, people in positions of power (Kennedy, 2003, 8-10). Nietzsche’s approach presents a concrete platform for the evaluation of the Western Religions, Christian morals and amaranth, principles. He convinces the reader that Christianity is a massive cover-up of the Western Religions Essay, underlying truth. Therefore, one is amaranth restaurant, subjected towards finding new values and a new ethos (basis) as the foundation of Western Essay morality.

However, Nietzsche’s philosophies fail in helping the reader establish a new basis. It is quite surprising that Nietzsche did not establish a new, practical ethos as a foundation of his beliefs on morality. Therefore, Nietzsche’s philosophies are neither justifiable nor practical.

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Similarities and Differences Among the Major Western Religions

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Some of those things are sickness, nature, and discrimination. When certain groups are discriminated against you tend to dinner with dad hear about it via something, but what happens to the group that have a voice but simply will not be heard? Society picks and Religions chooses what is important and. Counterstereotype , Discrimination , Prejudice 787 Words | 5 Pages. towards such people with disabilities. Paule Marshall? “The specific word for it is ableism , which is the social prejudice against people with disabilities, . including the Religions expression of hate for people with disabilities, denial of accessibility, rejection of paule marshall disabled applicants for housing and jobs, institutionalized discrimination in the form of Western Essay benefits systems designed to paule marshall keep people with disabilities in poverty, etc.” ( Ableism deals with many aspects of life such as education, employment, transportation. Western Religions Essay? Developmental disability , Disability , Down syndrome 1804 Words | 5 Pages. this case is sexism (behaviours, actions, beliefs and system that marginalize, oppress or subordinate a specific gender). There are also issues like racism, . Dinner With Dad? ableism , homophobia and classism that exist in Essay organisations. Is there one more important to deal with than another in an employment setting? Why or why not? Racism, sexism, classism, ableism , ageism, heterosexism, and other forms of oppression are so widespread.

Dismantling systems of of customer oppression and unlearning the oppression attitudes we have. Abuse , Affirmative action , Discrimination 953 Words | 3 Pages. of people Macro culture- overarching cultural aspects of Western Religions Essay a society Micro culture- subgroups having distinguishing characteristic within a society Race – . socially constructed categories of people based on physical features or ancestral origin Ableism - system of and Porn Essay devaluation of people who differ from the norm of able bodied people Heterosexism- the system of privilege assigned to people who identify as heterosexual. Systemic Bias- implicit bias towards a group of people that is evidenced at multiple. Bias , Education , Educational psychology 685 Words | 4 Pages. Western? Of Mice and Men- civil rights essay.

disabilities fuel people’s judgments (“Understanding Prejudice”). Of Mice and Men is filled with good examples of discrimination in America during the . Development As Freedom? 1920’s. Lennie, Crooks, and Western Essay Curley’s wife are the meaning of customer major examples. Not many people have heard of ableism . It is the discrimination against people with disabilities (“disabled feminists”). Lennie Small suffers from this. He has social prejudice for Religions, being disabled. Without George, Lennie has a hard time socially interacting with others.

He often. Civil Rights Act of 1964 , Disability , Discrimination 523 Words | 1 Pages. Of Mice and Men Prejudice and Alienation. extreme amount of racism and development sexism, little to no knowledge of mental disability, and assumedly a great deal of ageism. In _Of Mice and Western Men,_ John Steinbeck . Depictions Of Cleopatra's Essay? uses prejudice to illustrate the theme of alienation through ageism, racism, sexism, and ableism . Candy was an old man who lived on the farm who lost his hand in an accident while working. The ranch hands constantly tortured Candy by telling him that his dog was too old for his own good, and that he would be better off dead. Candy takes this. Discrimination , Gender , Great Depression 1076 Words | 3 Pages. individual identity is the product of many factors, such as individual psychology, physical state, gender, age, sexual orientation, social class, ethnicity . and religion. Each of the mentioned factors can declare itself in different forms of Western Essay oppression: ableism , ageism, classism, sexism, religious oppression, racism. In the modern society that we call civilized, racism appears to be one of the most urgent topics.

Nowadays, the conception that racial discrimination brought the amaranth oppressed people down to Religions a lower. Discrimination , Ethnic group , Oppression 2458 Words | 7 Pages. What Would You Do to Make a Better World? “Discrimination against people with disabilities in favor of people who are not is The Changing, called ableism or disablism. Disability discrimination, . which treats non-disabled individuals as the standard of ‘normal living’, results in public and Western Religions Essay private places and services, education, and social work that are built to serve 'standard' people, thereby excluding those with various disabilities”1. There are several laws that address ableism , such as: “The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), enacted on July 26, 1990. Feminism And Porn? Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 , Developmental disability , Disability 1569 Words | 4 Pages.

Academic Review: Pricing Beauty, by Ashley Mears. Western? I feel like the inclusion of stats on trans individuals and of Cleopatra's Legacy Essay the reasonings behind their exclusions would further Mears’ arguments and add another dimension . to Western Religions her study. Another point that Mears failed to of Cleopatra's Legacy hit upon was the issues revolving around ableism , and the exclusion of disabled persons from the fashion industry, and Religions how this can feed into the problematic belief that their bodies, like those of “plus-sized” individuals, are undesirable to restaurant the general public, perhaps also intersecting with arguments. Western Essay? Economic inequality , Gender , Gender role 843 Words | 2 Pages. parts of our identity we reveal to certain/different people, people choose what aspects of our life we choose to share, therefore we are writing our own . narrative. Meaning Of Customer? Framing identity Intersections- racism, sexism, classism, colonialism, heterosexist, ableism . What aspects of our identity are we privileged and what aspects are we lacking. Identity Self Definition ‘They will not fail to fill in the blanks on your behalf and you will be said’ Trinh T. Minh-Ha Extra Reading: Anita Heiss on Western Essay, self-definition. Anthropology , Culture , Identity 808 Words | 5 Pages. systemic socialisation, referring to the culture of socialisation, through individual, cultural and institutional interactions and paule marshall norms teach us to Religions Essay accept . systems of racism, classicism, sexism, heterosexism, xenophobia, religious oppression, and ableism . Define and meaning list the characteristics, the Western role and functions of stereotypes. Critique the role stereotypes play in perpetuating generalisations about identity and their effect on societal inequalities. LEARNING UNIT 3 WHAT HAVE I LEARNT. Concept , Education , Gender 639 Words | 4 Pages.

How The Chrysalids creates a dystopia. lives, similar to Sophie, as they were forced to of customer leave their homes and start a new life from nothing. Western? Both cases show how lives change when a family is of Cleopatra's Legacy Essay, . forced to flee into hiding. Both utopia and segregation are polar opposite Religions Essay, concepts. Hence, the ableism in paule marshall the town of Waknuk creates a dystopian society. In Waknuk it is believed that the devil is the father of deviation, and Western the norm is the dinner with dad will of god. This belief drives the “normal people” to expel other beings that are born with deviations; the.

Dystopia , John Wyndham , KILL 471 Words | 2 Pages. participating as full members of society. The emphasis has shifted from dependence to independence, as people with disability have sought a political voice . commanding human and civil rights, and become politically active against social forces of ableism . | PERIOD IN HISTORY | Ancient era | 1800s | 1900s | 1960s | 1960s | ETIOLOGY | In a Western Judea-Christian society, the roots of understanding bodily difference have been grounded in Biblical references, the consequent responses and impacts. Developmental disability , Disability , Disability studies 1037 Words | 3 Pages. Heterosexism: Homosexuality and People. there are laws in places that prevent that from Western Religions, becoming true. Not allowing homosexuals to marry can affect many people’s lives and can even be detrimental . to meaning one’s health.

For example in the article “The Case of Sharon Kowalski and Karen Thompson: Ableism , Heterosexism, and Sexism”, tells a story about a female lady who had to battle the medical and Religions Essay legal system in order for visitation rights for another lady who was determined incompetent after a fatal crash. Depictions Of Cleopatra's Essay? Karen was doing everything in her power. Bisexuality , Gay , Gender 1174 Words | 3 Pages. Familiarize yourself with the Western Religions Essay Americans with Disabilities Act. Pp. Dinner With Dad? 170-172 Note the Western differences between the medical and development as freedom social model of Religions disability. . Pp.

173-175 Learn the key features of the counseling process when dealing with disability and paule marshall ableism . Western? Pp. 182-187 What are common concerns of older adults? In what areas may they experience ageism? Familiarize yourself with ACA gerontological competencies. Other Quizzes There are no further hints for the other quizzes. This is intended. Discrimination , Feminism , Gender 1176 Words | 4 Pages. we talked about but I didn’t really know much about of customer, them. For things like appearance discrimination I continued to Religions Essay further my knowledge on things such as . eating disorders and and Porn Essay things that lead to Western Essay appearance change. I learned a lot when we discussed ableism especially with the ADA act and dinner with dad what it entails. Western Religions Essay? Without this class I would have never known that and that is a great way that you can help people with disabilities that may not know about that act. I know a lot with sexual orientation but I still.

Affirmative action , Culture , Discrimination 1022 Words | 3 Pages. Book Review: Black Feminist Thought (Patricia Hill Collins) individual to place a value on these modes. For one individual, race may be more of dinner with dad a factor than gender, for another individual it may differ, and so on. Essay? . Another critique of the matrix of oppression is of customer, how it does not address, sexual orientation, ableism , and ethnicity, among others. Part II: Core Themes in Black Feminist Thought tackles five themes: 1) a legacy of struggle, 2) treatment of the interlocking nature of race, class, and gender, 3) Bobet 3 replacement of stereotyped images of black. Western? Angela Davis , Black feminism , Black Panther Party 1075 Words | 3 Pages.

Diversity Terminology Study Guide. Sociology Diversity Terminology ? Ableism -The determination of an individual’s abilities based on his or her disabilities; any policy or . practice promoting the belief that disabled people are inferior to able bodies persons to justify discrimination against people with disabilities. ? Affirmative Action- Positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities. ? Ageism- Prejudice and discrimination against people on the basis of age. . Affirmative action , Culture , Discrimination 1067 Words | 3 Pages. The Changing Depictions Of Cleopatra's? Eisenstein, they may be more likely to abuse. Working towards a theory of elder abuse, one can imagine a flow chart (provided on the next page). First, the . background of this abuse occurs against Religions Essay a context of a society fiercely focused on Depictions, beauty and ableism . Second, if an individual ends up caring for an elder and they are poorly prepared or compensated, this context intensifies. Third, if an individual is impaired in some way, he or she will quickly become burned out and stressed. Fourth, pre-existing. Western Essay? Abuse , Bullying , Child abuse 1093 Words | 6 Pages. implicitly not as bad) as other “isms”, because it is inherent to and Porn all persons (“we all grow old”). Because of this perceived “universal” nature, ageism is Western Religions Essay, . often taken for granted or not treated as seriously than sexism/heterosexism, able-bodiedism ( ableism ) or racism.

The Ontario Human Rights Commission also points out that in law: “Age cases tend to be treated differently than other discrimination cases, . The most noticeable difference from a human rights perspective is the lack of a sense of moral. Ageing , Ageism , Discrimination 1191 Words | 3 Pages. learning and may make some students feel unsafe in your classroom.” “Triggers are not only relevant to sexual misconduct, but also to anything that might . cause trauma,” the policy said. “Be aware of Feminism and Porn racism, classism, sexism, heterosexism, cissexism, ableism , and other issues of Western Essay privilege and paule marshall oppression. Religions Essay? Realize that all forms of violence are traumatic, and Feminism and Porn that your students have lives before and outside your classroom, experiences you may not expect or understand.” The policy said that “anything. Western Essay? Academia , Dean , Essay 1238 Words | 3 Pages. the focus. Feminism And Porn? “Developing the competencies that are necessary for providing effective counseling services to PWDs begins with counselors’ awareness of their own . assumptions, values, and biases about disability. Counselors must first confront their own ableism , which can cause them to hold limited expectations of Western a client and Depictions Essay hinder the client’s progress toward reaching his or her full potential”. (Remeley 64)Yes it is very possible and necessary for professionals who decide to work within the field of.

Abuse , Bias , Child abuse 682 Words | 2 Pages. intent. (The term “race hatred” had also been used by sociologist Frederick Hertz in the late 1920s.) Modelled on Essay, the term “racism”, a large number of . pejorative -ism terms have been created to describe various types of prejudice: sexism, ageism, ableism , specialism, etc. Related concepts are anti-Semitism, chauvinism and homophobia (which in turn has led to terms such as Islam phobia). Definitions Racism involves the paule marshall belief in racial differences, which acts as a justification for non-equal. African American , Anthropology , Discrimination 1868 Words | 7 Pages. Religions Essay? controversial cartoon issue rocked the parliament in May 2012 since it symbolized discrimination against paule marshall castes. Disability Main article: Disability . discrimination Discrimination against people with disabilities in favor of people who are not is called ableism or disablism.[by whom?][citation needed] Disability discrimination, which treats non-disabled individuals as the standard of Religions Essay ‘normal living’, results in public and private places and services, education, and social work that are built to serve 'standard'. African American , Discrimination , Human rights 1871 Words | 6 Pages.

FYS 27 September 2012 Sarah Bernhardt Sarah Bernhardt is called the first international stage star. This nineteenth and twentieth century actress faced . many hardships including religious oppression, severe debt, and ableism . Despite these struggles, she overcame them with much perseverance. The “Divine Sarah”, as her fans called her, was born as Henriette Rosine Bernard to Julie Bernard. Julie was a Dutch Jewish prostitute who had two other illegitimate children. Sarah’s father is meaning, not known. Adrienne Lecouvreur , Jews , Judaism 594 Words | 2 Pages. hide it, it stills shows.

We are all affected by racism in some way but I think a large percentage of the victims are African Americans. Essay? White people think . that we are just being too sensitive, and we are not. I have actually known whites to Legacy compare ableism to being black. Yes there are white people that actually believe that the color of your skin can actually be a handicap. Racism did not end with the Western Religions Civil War in the U.S or even with the Civil Rights Movement. Following these two events the actions.

African American , Black people , Discrimination 1839 Words | 5 Pages. religious beliefs and practices are a matter of personal conscience and restaurant individual choice, and a Montana Coalition member shall neither promote nor . discourage a particular religious belief in the course of his or her work. We believe classism, racism, ableism , ageism, homophobia (and all forms of elitism) are attitudes that serve to Western Religions Essay divide people who might otherwise join forces. As such, they interfere with women’s ability to pool their efforts and and Porn Essay reach their full potential. Our membership is open to. Abuse , Child abuse , Counseling 2184 Words | 6 Pages. Kant: Grounding for Metaphysics and Morals. treated. Sexism would not exist; men and women would see one another as partners in contributing to the good of all. Classism would not exist; everyone would . seek to provide every rational being with the Western Essay means to live up to meaning of customer their utmost potential.

Ableism would not exist; advances in medicine and prosthesis and Religions Essay the ability to access these tools would give every rational being the Depictions opportunity to Western Religions Essay move and of customer function as is ideal to all. Large corporations would redefine themselves and Western would try to outdo. Dinner With Dad? Categorical imperative , Deontological ethics , Hypothetical imperative 2304 Words | 6 Pages. Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination in Mauritius. . 4 Homophobia . . 5 Ableism . 5 Stereotyping . Discrimination , Ethnic group , Human rights 4130 Words | 14 Pages. means “slow” or “delayed” from the Western Essay French word spelled the same way, retard (McGraw-Hill 6-7). Mental retardation is Depictions of Cleopatra's Essay, described as decreased mental, . emotion or physical ability. “A more socially correct term is mentally disabled” (Zigler 17).

Ableism affects those with disabilities. Disabilities can be described as “1. Essay? 'any restriction or lack (resulting from an impairment) of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range, considered normal for Feminism and Porn Essay, a human being' (World. Religions Essay? Developmental disability , Disability , Down syndrome 1446 Words | 8 Pages. Case Study: Hiring on the Basis of paule marshall Looks. Scharpe, 2008). Finally, discrimination also occurs with those that are disabled. People with disabilities face discrimination in Essay all levels of society. . The attitude that disabled individuals are inferior to The Changing non-disabled individuals is called ableism . Those in Religions Essay chronic pain and meaning of customer with debilitating conditions are often neglected in modern society. According to Western Religions Essay the American Chiropractic Association, over 50% of all working US citizens complain of dinner with dad back pain each year (Fielder, 2004). Work environments. Western? Disability , Discrimination , Employment 3281 Words | 9 Pages.

a negative attitude - Prejudice puts the object of prejudice at an unjust disadvantage (i.e., prejudice is negative, unjust, and a source of . Paule Marshall? disadvantage for its targets) Prejudice is not just about ethnicity e.g. sexism, homophobia, ableism , religionism, classism, geographicism, adultism, etc. Allport ( 1954 ): Ethnic prejudice is an antipathy based upon a faulty and and inflexible generalization. It may be felt or expressed. It may be directed towards a group as a whole or towards. Abuse , Counterstereotype , Discrimination 1846 Words | 8 Pages. Western Religions? spaces, socialized in the media Materialist Feminism “Interlocking systems of oppression” • Oppression is based not only in gender, but in race, class, . sexuality, and ability (among other things) • Sexism, racism, classism, heterosexism, and ableism overlap or “interlock” through social institutions: family, education, religion, government, law, media, etc. • Metaphor of a birdcage: being caught between forces that are connected in ways that prevent or restrict mobility • Oppression places. Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 2258 Words | 10 Pages. Equality and Diversity in Childcare. opposite-sex peers. Extreme sexism may foster sexual harassment, rape and other forms of sexual violence Ableism Ableism is a . form of discrimination or social prejudice against people with disabilities. It is known by many names, including disability discrimination, physicalism, handicapism, and The Changing Depictions of Cleopatra's Legacy disability oppression.

It is Religions Essay, also sometimes known as disablism, although there is some dispute as to whether ableism and disablism are synonymous, and some people within disability rights circles find the paule marshall latter. Affirmative action , Child , Childhood 9428 Words | 28 Pages. self-image, interpersonal relationships, socialization, well-being, living environment, educational opportunities, and many other psychological issues. . ABILITY/DISABILITY It refers to the tendency of members in a society to discriminate based on ableism which leads disabled individuals to many barriers for participation in community life as a valued and contributing member. SEXUAL ORIENTATION This is best understood as a spectrum from exclusively heterosexual to exclusively homosexual, with. Behavior , Community , Community building 2036 Words | 9 Pages. that privilege some at the expense of subordinating others (Chong, 2009). Intersectionality is Western Religions Essay, defined as: a concept often used in Feminism Essay critical theories to . describe the ways in which oppressive institutions (racism, sexism, homophobia, transphobia, ableism , xenophobia, classism, etc.) are interconnected and cannot be examined separately from one another. (Geek Feminism Wiki) It is important to examine this when studying whether or not employers are contravening employee rights when exploiting emotional.

Arlie Russell Hochschild , Emotion , Emotional labor 2467 Words | 8 Pages. The Social Justice Concept and Its Importance. that their skin colour confers on Western, them superior traits. This is amaranth, racism and is an act of Religions discrimination against others who cannot access such rewards. Feminism? We . also find acts of discrimination against older persons, ageism, women, sexism, the disabled, ableism , religions, creedism, socio-economic class, classism, and Religions other attributes such as rural residents. These all exacerbate social injustice in society. These acts are based on The Changing of Cleopatra's, attitudes of prejudice and stereotyping. Social injustice heightens conflict. Abuse , Discrimination , Human rights 3462 Words | 9 Pages. entry. Western? Very broadly, then, one might characterize the goal of feminism to be ending the oppression of women. But if we also acknowledge that women are . oppressed not just by dinner with dad sexism, but in many ways, e.g., by classism, homophobia, racism, ageism, ableism , etc., then it might seem that the goal of Western Essay feminism is to end all oppression that affects women. Moreover this study was conducted to provides a wide range of perspectives on social cultural, education and political phenomena highlighting the.

Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 3769 Words | 11 Pages. Diversity in Education Final paper. Dinner With Dad? (2000). The complexity of identity: “Who am I?.” In Adams, M., Blumenfeld, W. Religions? J., Hackman, H. W., Zuniga, X., Peters, M. L. (Eds.), Readings for dinner with dad, diversity . and social justice: An anthology on racism, sexism, anti-semitism, heterosexism, classism and ableism (pp. 9-14). Religions? New York: Routledge. Amaranth? . Doll , Gender , Gender role 3621 Words | 8 Pages. Western Religions? have little control over them and amaranth restaurant are bound to impact the working of counsellors if not understood, isolated and overcome. (Moore, 2003) “In an Essay, . The Changing? anti-oppressive framework, these views are broken into six main lenses; racism, sexism, heterosexism, ableism , ageism, and class oppression.” (Moore, 2003) People are regularly excluded on account of their colour, gender, sexual orientation, abilities, age, and Religions class. (Moore, 2003) Most of development these factors do not occur in isolation and thus lead to multi-oppression. Religions Essay? Social work , Sociology 3440 Words | 10 Pages.

families grew up in. Wesley grew up in the Bronx where the cops were always trying to get people in trouble. Institutionalized oppression comes in a few . different forms. These forms include, racism, sexism, classism, ageism, adultism, heterosexism, ableism and ethnocentrism. Throughout the amaranth restaurant book almost every single one of these forms was portrayed in one of the Wes’ life. These forms of oppression and how these individuals were treated shaped what happened to Western Essay these individuals later in their lives. . International Federation of Social Workers , Social change , Social justice 2914 Words | 10 Pages. The Effects of Mainstreaming and Inclusion in The Changing of Cleopatra's Legacy Our Schools. to Essay an e-mail circulated by a group of parents calling itself Special Education Matters in Arlington Heights, board members and other decision makers in the . district have been asked to read a book New Directions in Special Education: Eliminating Ableism in Policy And Practice by Thomas Hehir (Harvard Education Press). The parents group referred to Hehir as an extreme inclusionist. According to as freedom the Web site of the Harvard Graduate School of Education, Hehir writes that the debate over inclusion.

Education , High school , Inclusion 4129 Words | 11 Pages. Champion Equality, Diversity and Inclusion. have anti-social behaviour. 2. Prejudice. A conscious or unconscious negative belief about a group of people and its individual members. 3. Discrimination. . This occurs when prejudice and power combine. Essay? It takes many forms including racism, sexism, ableism , ageism etc. Many acts of discrimination build up over time. Feminism? 4. Religions? Oppression. This is the systematic subjugation of a group of people by a more powerful group, the result of which benefits one group over meaning of customer, the other; it is maintained by social beliefs. Discrimination 4354 Words | 10 Pages.

On the Latest Development of Modern English Vocabulary. Domestic violence causes victims suffering from battered wife syndrome. Western Essay? There are also many invisible problems in development the society which are in the form of . disrespect for Western Religions Essay, personal dignity and disregard of human rights: racism, sexism, ageism, classism, ableism , adultism, lookism, fattism, heightism, and sizism. As Freedom? 3.4 New Word in Entertainment Economic development and social advancement change and enrich people’s life in a more and more profound way. During holidays, people can go shopping in shopping mall. England , English language , French language 4250 Words | 12 Pages. determine status (e.g. unattractive people are inferior to attractive people) * Homophobia/Heterosexism - believing that sexual or gender orientation . makes one group inferior (e.g. heterosexual people are superior to homosexual people) * Ableism - believing that physical and/or mental ability makes one group superior (e.g. that differently abled people are inferior to typically abled people) * Ageism - believing that age determines status (e.g. adults are superior to young people and.

Abuse , Discrimination , Prejudice 5728 Words | 18 Pages. Sport Is Neither Solely a Vehicle for Cultural Homogeneity nor a Medium for National Resistance; It Is Both. Discuss Giving Examples of Sports Role in Both Globalisation Processes and the Reproduction of National Identities. Essay? disabled have been discriminated against. Paule Marshall? Since the founding of disabled sport by Guttmann in 1900, sport has been used by the disabled as a means of . acceptance and a method of Religions Essay showing superiority to the able-bodied. Although there are high levels of ableism throughout the amaranth restaurant media no-one can deny the superior performances by Western Religions Essay athletes such as Oscar Pistorius. Pistorius although having been amputated at paule marshall the knee has set times that qualify him to participate in able–bodied competitions. These examples. 2008 Summer Olympics , Communism , International Olympic Committee 4434 Words | 13 Pages. Latina Feminism: National and Transnational Perspectives. Religions? grow to be more inclusive; and create spaces for the voices of marginalized indigenous and paule marshall Afro-Latina women. Ultimately, Latina feminisms advocate for . the recognition of the Western Essay full humanity of women and girls, and the removal of sexism, racism, ableism , classism, and discrimination based on sexual orientation. References Castillo, R. Amaranth? A. (2010).

The Emergence of Indigenous Feminism in Latin America. Chicago Journals, Vol. 35,(No. 3), 539-545. Black people , Feminism , Feminist theory 4617 Words | 15 Pages. in Academe (1998) and Charting a New Course for Feminist Psychology (2002). Saltzberg and Chrisler discuss the ideal of the perfect female body, one that . varies across cultures; changes over time; and is impacted by racism, class prejudice, and ableism . Because it is a fluctuating ideal that women strive for and few are able to attain, failure and disappointment are inevitable. Striving to Western Essay attain the meaning ideal takes its toil on women in the form of physical pain, health problems, medical procedures. Anorexia nervosa , Beauty , Body image 5599 Words | 15 Pages. languages.

Religious discrimination is valuing or treating a person or group differently because of what they do or do not believe. Disability . Discrimination Discrimination against people with disabilities in favor of people who are not is called ableism or disablism. Disability discrimination, which treats non-disabled individuals as the standard of ‘normal living’, results in public and Religions private places and services, education, and social work that are built to serve 'standard' people, thereby excluding. Ageism , Discrimination , Gender 4087 Words | 13 Pages. Height * Hair * Language * Looks * Intelligence / * mental type / neurology * Race / ethnicity / nationality * Rank * Religion * Sex / . Gender * Sexuality * Size * Weight | Specific forms | | Social * AIDS stigma * Ableism * Adultism * Anti-albinism * Anti-communism * Anti-homelessness * Anti-intellectualism * Anti-left handedness * Anti-Masonry * Antisemitism * Audism * Binarism * Biphobia * Cronyism * Elitism (academic) * Ephebiphobia . Restaurant? Discrimination , Eugenics , Nordic race 19456 Words | 59 Pages. Western Essay? To lose confidence in one's body is to Feminism lose confidence in oneself. Western? explained, most girls choose to development be socially accepted and Western split into two selves, one that is amaranth, authentic and one that is Western, culturally scripted (p. 38). . Strategies for improving body image and self-esteem must aim to and Porn Essay eliminate lookism, sexism, racism, and ableism , and help children to Western Religions discover and celebrate their true selves. Strategies for Improving Body Image and Self-Esteem Accept yourself -- Accept your body. Paule Marshall? Celebrate yourself-- Celebrate your body. (Eating Disorders Awareness and Prevention Inc. Binge eating disorder , Body image , Body shape 9029 Words | 37 Pages. kinds of challenges and/or problems that they experience inside and outside of the home. In this project we use an expansive definition of abuse, . therefore forms of abuse include; verbal/emotional, financial, sexual, physical, neglect, racism, ableism , destruction of property and abuse by the system.

The following outlines their responses. As discussed in the earlier chapter South Asian seniors are usually living with their adult children, and in most cases, their son's family. Problems that. Abuse , Asia , British Asian 14436 Words | 47 Pages. the all-too-frequent attempts to replace race with something else, even in the liberal discourse of pluralism, is a clear example. Within the academy . (i.e., schools, colleges and universities) structural racism, classism, sexism, homophobia, ableism and other forms of oppression, revolve around ontological, epistemological and axiological foundations. For example, at Western Essay the ontological level, our institutions are widely perceived as operating on the basis of fairness and as value free and dinner with dad objective. Anti-imperialism , Colonialism , Colony 31289 Words | 103 Pages. Religions? productive fairly recently, from the mid-twentieth century onwards”.

In Knowles (1997: 162) one may read that “[i]n the restaurant eighties and nineties, the suffixes . -ism and -ist became particularly t productive in the field of POLITICAL CORRECTNESS” (e.g. ableism ‘discrimination in favour of the able-bodied or against the disabled’, bodyism, faceism, sizeism, “concerned with inappropriate concentration on Religions Essay, the physical appearance”, youthism ‘over-concentration by society on amaranth restaurant, the rights and interests of the young’). Ferdinand de Saussure , Grammatical number , Lexeme 190762 Words | 584 Pages. ‘tragedy’ followed by ‘heroic’ efforts at Western Essay self adjustment (Golledge, 1997). Those of the social model stress not the individual but, rather, a wider . society that fails to accommodate impairment, thus embracing a critical stance on the underlying ableism of a non disabled society (Chouinard, 1997). The latter model, casting light on ‘disabling social and environmental barriers’ (Barnes and Mercer, 2004, p. 2; emphasis added) and advocating a critical ‘politics of access’, is inherently geographical.

Association of Commonwealth Universities , Geography , Human geography 750537 Words | 1071 Pages.

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essay on aphrodite The influence of the classical pantheon extended well beyond the religious cults of Western Religions, antiquity. For millennia, the ancient deities—with their compelling stories and rich iconography—have fired imaginations and Feminism and Porn Essay, generated what W.B. Religions! Yeats called “metaphors for poetry.” Aphrodite, ruler of desire and embodiment of beauty, and her son Eros became important figures in Western art and literature. In the development as freedom, fifteenth century, when botticelli sought to express the Neoplatonic worldview of the Florentine humanists, he painted The Birth of Venus and Primavera, two multi-figure compositions with the goddess taking center stage. When the Romantic poet Percy bysshe Shelley struggled to Religions find meaning in Feminism and Porn, the death of John Keats, he wrote “Adonais,” drawing on Western the legend of Venus’ doomed mortal lover. Sigmund Freud constructed the edifice of psychoanalysis, in part, on the power of Eros (as well as on some inventive re-readings of the Oedipus cycle). Myths survive because they give succeeding generations ways to think about the complex patterns of life.

With the paule marshall, current revival of interest in the traditional techniques and canonical masterpieces of the past, we might expect another return to the ancient subjects. The classical figure has indeed become a touchstone in the atelier once again, with Jacob Collins, Juliette Aristides and instructors at Western the Art Students League in New York City, among others, reclaiming the practice of drawing from casts, ubiquitous in the beaux-Arts academies of the nineteenth century. According to Aristides, “Greek sculptors formulated a system that combined graceful naturalism with extremely sophisticated design systems,” and their works “embody a perfect combination of observed nature and archetypal form.” 1 Contemporary traditionalists emphasize the formal virtues of meaning of customer, classical art, and the resulting improvement in skill levels among the present generation of artists has been impressive. but, with some exceptions discussed later in Western, this article, they seem wary of tackling the cultural content. An ancient image of Aphrodite (in most cases, a cast) in the atelier presents an aesthetic challenge. yet the artworks that have come down to us from the past also bristle with complex meanings. Our society as a whole has lost that easy familiarity with the gods that made myth a lingua franca for artists and audiences across the centuries. One way to enrich the expressive language of art is to Feminism reconnect to that legacy. Looking at classical art in the context of its original belief systems and Western Essay, social dimensions is The Changing Legacy Essay, a good place to start.

An exhibition at the Museum of Fine Arts, boston, explores the image and character of an important goddess. Western Religions Essay! “Aphrodite and the Gods of Love” presents 160 works, most from the MFA’s own Greek and Roman collection, supplemented by thirteen key loans from museums in amaranth restaurant, Italy. Some are superb expressions of ideal beauty and/or sexual power; others could be classified as decorative ornaments or magical fetishes. Exquisitely refined, playful or even crude, they all tap into the deep reservoir of myth that pervaded daily life in the ancient world. Western Essay! Eight scholars contributed to the informative and development as freedom, thought-provoking catalogue. Western Essay! 2. There are intriguing implications for contemporary practice. Nakedness, for Essay, example, was one of Aphrodite’s defining attributes, which makes her a principal source for the traditional genre of the classical female nude.

Classical figure drawing has returned as a crucial component of pedagogy in the new ateliers, yet too few of today’s artists are aware of the fusion of art, sexuality and Western Religions, religion in the ancient persona of paule marshall, Aphrodite. Rachel Kousser writes in Essay, her catalogue essay: “The alluring form of Aphrodite. emerges as the concrete, effective expression of development as freedom, her divine power—making these ancient images. very different from the female nudes of later periods, when the realms of the sensual and the religious and political spheres were considered wholly separate, even antithetical.” 3. The classical deities are not only powerful symbols but also lively personalities, who stubbornly refuse to be reduced to Religions schematic abstractions. Their complicated alliances and antagonisms, which play out on Olympus and spill over into meaning, human history, engender multiple storylines. As immortals, the Religions, gods have no end, but they do have beginnings, as reported in works such as Hesiod’s Theogony (late eighth century bc). Aphrodite was born before any of the other Olympians, the daughter of Ouranos, the Sky, and Gaia, the Earth. 4 It’s a violent and dinner with dad, bizarre tale, but Aphrodite’s emergence from the seminal foam of the Religions, sea inspired a host of marvelous images, from the Ludovisi Throne (fifth century bc), in Feminism and Porn Essay, Rome’s Palazzo Altemps, to botticelli’s Birth of Venus (c. 1482). The Renaissance Venus holds on Religions Essay to the full range of her ancient powers, in part, because the artists drew on the tradition of the Homeric and Orphic Hymns, poems to her embodiment of both erotic and celestial love, physical desire and the web of attractions that holds the universe together. As William Congreve puts it, in his 1710 translation of an ancient Hymn: “Her charms, th’ Immortal Minds of Gods can move/And tame the stubborn race of men to love.

Whole nature on her sole support depends, /As far as life exists, her care extends.” 5. The story of amaranth restaurant, Aphrodite/Venus begins with her birth out of the sea, a subject well represented in Western, the Boston exhibition. Restaurant! One of the Religions, most seductive works is a Hellenistic marble statuette of development as freedom, Aphrodite emerging from the sea (first century bc or first century ad). Like much ancient sculpture, the figure has lost its head and Religions, arms, but the elegant curves of the voluptuous body are superbly balanced, and meaning of customer, the sinuous lines of the Western Religions Essay, swirling drapery create dynamic movement patterns. In formal terms, this is recognizably the work of an accomplished artist, whatever its original cultural—or cultic—context. But Aphrodite appears in decorative motifs of meaning, everyday life as well.

She ruled over every aspect of Western, love and dinner with dad, beauty, including kosmesis, cosmetics and adornment, and was invoked both in Religions Essay, brothels and bridal celebrations. A ceramic oil bottle (lekythos) in restaurant, the form of Aphrodite at her birth (mid-fourth century bc) has the lively charm of good folk art. The rose-tinted shell that surrounds the figure of the goddess bursts out of the belly of the flask with the energy of a Georgia O’Keeffe flower, while two winged erotes stretch out the billowing sail of her drapery. The continuum of Aphrodite’s influence encompasses high and Western Religions Essay, low, sacred and secular. Aphrodite’s iconographic associations with nudity and paule marshall, water made her an appropriate figure for the ancient baths.

The long line of Western, bathers in art history may, at meaning times, reflect the Essay, distant, numinous origins of meaning, this trope. The monumental female nude as a genre can be traced back to Essay a specific work, the Aphrodite of Knidos by Praxiteles (fourth century bc), now lost but known through copies (before that, male nudes were common, but female figures were clothed.) Praxiteles’ goddess is restaurant, regal but not hieratic; her pose is Western Religions Essay, natural and relaxed, and her gestures subtly allude to her mythic narrative. This combination of mythic resonance and naturalism appears in the trope of Aphrodite Anadyomene (wringing out her hair), which depicts a common activity given deeper meaning by the story of the goddess’s birth. Amaranth Restaurant! A marble statuette of Aphrodite Anadyomene (100 bc–70 ad) dispenses with iconographic trappings; the association did not need to be spelled out. In the exhibition catalogue, the Western Essay, curators juxtapose the statuette with another work from the MFA, a crayon lithograph, Venus Rising from the Sea (1839), by Theodore Chasseriau.

He places her on a mysterious seashore. When she lifts her arms to meaning of customer wring out her hair, the gesture emphasizes the opulent curves of her body, yet her demeanor is cool, and the overall mood is classical. The Roman Venus was based on the Greek Aphrodite, although she acquired some fresh qualities in Western Religions Essay, moving to a new pantheon. As the mother of the Trojan hero Aeneas, founder of Rome, she became a protector of the city. Venus was associated with all kinds of propitious events, from victory in war to favorable throws of dice. The classical deities, in addition to their specialization in of customer, areas such as love, war or craft, maintained strategic alliances with cities and states. A marble statue of Aphrodite (117–38 bc) is a superb copy of a late-fourth-century bc original, probably erected in Corinth as a guardian of the Western Religions, polis. The figure is half nude, with graceful drapery at the hip. Her hair is dinner with dad, pulled back in a chignon, she wears a diadem and once carried a shield. The gods and goddesses had important civic functions in the ancient world. We see vestiges of this tradition in the rhetorical and iconographic figures of Justice, Victory and Liberty.

6 American Renaissance sculptors such as Daniel Chester French and Augustus Saint-Gaudens were latter-day masters of the genre, combining allegorical meaning and heightened physical beauty in a thoroughly classical way. Some deities seem more suitable than others for public iconography in the post-classical world. A figure descended from Athena/Minerva translates easily in schemes for civic virtue. Venus’ afterlife has been largely in the private sphere. Western Religions Essay! Of course, the Romans celebrated her in meaning, public spaces like the forum and, very appropriately, the Western Essay, baths. Of Customer! But she seemed particularly at home in private settings, in gardens and villas, luxurious surroundings where art and beauty were appreciated for their own sake. The aesthetic response is understandable when we look at a magnificent marble in the Boston exhibition. Statue of a woman in the guise of Venus (mid-first century–early second century ad) is a tour de force of wet drapery. The diaphanous garment clings to and molds the body underneath, while the rippling fabric suggests the vitality of moving water.

The Roman appreciation for figures such as this, while still rooted in ancient piety, begins to suggest modern connoisseurship. Aphrodite/Venus had a substantial entourage, and Religions, the curators acknowledge the importance of paule marshall, Hermaphrodite, the Three Graces—represented by an elegant Pompeiian fresco painting (first century bc–first century ad), on loan from the Museo Archeologico in Naples—and Eros, whose post-classical career rivaled his mother’s. Yet, the primary focus remains the Western Essay, complex goddess. A host of issues—among them, nudity, sexuality and myth— swirl around her. The Changing Of Cleopatra's! Examining those issues may shed light on contemporary painters who champion a return to beauty and, in some cases, consider themselves classicists. Why did the classical pantheon inspire artists for nearly two millennia, and why do artists today, for the most part, shy away from this iconography? In On the Western Essay, Philosophy of Art (1802–03), Friedrich Schelling summed up the case for archetypes, writing that “the gods are the absolute itself seen through the particular and considered as real” and that mythology “is the necessary condition and material of all art,” the “forms through which eternal ideas may be expressed.” 7 The gods were associated with heightened reality and ideal form. At its best, as Anne Hollander writes, classical art is “a corrective to life. standing firm in behalf of our limitless hopes, feeding our longing.” The danger, she adds, is that “perfect rightness, although enormously compelling, may show a certain aridity and limitation, especially in less than inspired works” 8 In the later nineteenth century, the avant-garde became disenchanted with the quest for amaranth restaurant, ideal beauty. Confronted with Alexandre Cabanel’s saccharine, soft-core Birth of Venus (1863), it’s not difficult to Religions Essay see why they also became disenchanted with classical myth, as least as narrowly defined by the less imaginative academicians.

The Venus that thrived in the nineteenth century was more likely to be a descendent of the goddess of medieval legend, in Richard Wagner’s opera Tannhauser, Sir Edward Burne-Jones’s painting Laus Veneris (based on an Algernon Charles Swinburne poem) and Dante Gabriel Rossetti’s image Venus Verticordia, a neo-Venetian bombshell of extraordinary power. Some of the as freedom, finest painters working today are reviving the Western Essay, pedagogic methods of the Beaux-Arts academies, with classical figure drawing at Feminism and Porn Essay the heart of the enterprise, but, in general, they do not rely on Essay traditional subject matter. Amaranth Restaurant! Whether they rejected or accepted—uncritically or with transformative imagination—the ancient pantheon, nineteenth-century artists were fully versed in the stories and Essay, iconography of the gods. In our society, we can no longer take that cultural literacy for granted. Amaranth Restaurant! Stylistically, too, the neo-traditionalist project is complicated by the competing legacy of Religions Essay, nineteenth-century Realism, which especially conditions contemporary approaches to the figure. Jacob Collins’s superb nudes have a vulnerable, flesh-and-blood physicality that is reminiscent of Courbet’s. Steven Assael’s paintings demonstrate an ability to development think realistically and mythically at the same time, but his dramatis personae is a sui generis collection of comic book characters, fetishistic club kids and figures of modern alienation. There are, however, some contemporary painters who findin classical subjects.

One of the most articulate is David Ligare, who began making paintings based on Greco-Roman mythology and Religions Essay, philosophy in 1978. Historical recreations were “against the laws of meaning, contemporary art,” he remarks, but he was eager to explore this “unworked vein.” 9 Ligare’s narrative paintings do not traffic in raw emotion since, he believes, “a true classical work avoids histrionics.” Philosophical principles of clarity and balance govern works such as Hercules Protecting the Western, Balance between Pleasure and Virtue (1993). The nude blond figure of Pleasure has a cool generalized beauty that fits one definition of “classical,” although it lacks the erotic charge of many ancient images of Aphrodite/Venus. Ligare has given the question of nudity considerable thought. Nudity has the advantage of being “very time neutral but it can also be distracting.” In the ancient world, an image of a nude woman still had an aura of the sacred or the dinner with dad, taboo. Nudity “is different now because of the total availability of photographs of naked people, pornography or otherwise.” The current disenchantment of nudity certainly factors into the difficulties contemporary artists face when presenting the unclothed figure. But Ligare’s most original and most truly classical paintings are, for me, his still lifes—luminous, cerebral explorations of the philosophical underpinnings of representation. The still lifes Ligare calls “aparchai,” after the Greek for ritual offerings, are particularly rich. He sets up a kind of stage platform with a side wall.

The still life objects, illusionistically three-dimensional, cast a two-dimensional shadow on that wall: this clever visual conceit alludes to Plato’s story of the cave while confronting the paradox of realism in painting. The still-life objects themselves look idealized yet physically, palpably real. In Olives and Religions Essay, Wheat (2006), a Greek vessel decorated with Athena’s owl is Depictions of Cleopatra's Legacy, filled with olives and topped by an elegant branch. A few stalks of wheat, lit from within and saturated with mystery, like something out of the Eleusinian ritual, lie at the base. The six red-gold fruits in Apples and Wheat (2006) would not be out of Western Religions Essay, place on paule marshall the Olympian banquet table.

Ligare’s work expresses one important aspect of classicism, the Religions Essay, search for perfect poise. A number of other contemporary artists are exploring the shadows of classical mythology, acknowledging the untidiness of the original stories and the disruptive power of the gods. Patricia Watwood, who calls herself a contemporary classicist, favors the demi-deities of the Greco-Roman tradition. Her Pandora (2011) places the first woman, with her fateful box, amid the debris of a contemporary industrial waterfront, an appropriate illustration of the amaranth, havoc caused by unfettered human ambition. Hope is represented by the endangered Eastern bluebird, a nice ecological touch. Watwood’s Semele (2005) is Essay, dark-haired and voluptuous, with a bowl of fruit balanced on her head and a tattooed arm. The gold leaf background suggests a superlunary world. The slightly exotic look of the mother of Dionysos/bacchus is appropriate, given the god’s Eastern origin. In Euripides’ the Bacchae, Dionysos is the archetypal embodiment of dangerous divinity. Watwood’s handling of the meaning, figure is solid, but her most distinctive contribution to Essay the continuing saga of the classical myths may be her imaginative coupling of ancient tropes and contemporary themes. This is Essay, a promising avenue of exploration.

An exhibition of twenty- nine paintings, “Patricia Watwood: Myths and Individuals,” first on view at the Saint Louis University Museum of Art, travels to Western Religions Essay the Forbes Galleries in New York City (February 17–April 28, 2012). 10. Adam Miller, a young brooklyn-based painter who trained at the Florence Academy of Feminism and Porn Essay, Art under Daniel Graves, seems comfortable working in the visual language of Essay, mythology. In his Oil Slick (2009), the dark-haired young woman rising, elegantly half-draped, from the sea explicitly evokes Aphrodite/Venus. Her air of melancholy reflects contemporary complexities—the most difficult aspect of the ancient goddess to recapture may be her blitheness. 11 Miller’s figure is realistic, with the dinner with dad, kind of beauty observable in the everyday world: she is Western Religions, not an meaning, ideal concocted from imagination. The sea and the sky are lyrically painted yet obviously polluted by the oil-rig fire on the horizon. Miller relishes “the opposites of a beautiful Turneresque fire and the damage and Western, violence created by it.” He identifies, at least in part, with his Venus, “living only in the Romantic moment of erotic Venusian satisfaction.” 12.

How do we define classicism in painting? Miller taps into the perennial themes and iconography of Greco-Roman mythology and handles the material with originality and sophistication. Feminism And Porn Essay! Stylistically, he is a neo-Romantic rather than a neoclassicist. His Artemis Triptych (2009) expresses, he writes, “the desire for perfection and the impossibility of Western Essay, experiencing it.” The goddess occupies the meaning of customer, central oval panel, sitting cross-legged on the ground, her head covered by Western Religions, a dark red drape. Twonymphs, each in her own tondo, flank the goddess. Their faces are obscured as they raise their arms in gestures of mourning. Depictions Legacy Essay! In all three panels, the Essay, backdrop is a twilight, soft-focus landscape of woods and streams. It’s a haunting ensemble, a different vision of the goddess of wild places. Miller alludes to another tradition in meaning, Exile (2010), a striking composition in which an Western Religions Essay, Eve figure, holding an apple, looks back over her shoulder.

More than half of the horizontal painting is taken up by the baroque drapery that swirls behind her, adding to the forward momentum of the figure. This Eve is not skulking out of paradise but moving toward the future. Over the course of the last two millennia, Western culture has focused on another set of stories, taken from the Judeo-Christian narrative. Of Customer! The archetypal scene of Eden and the Fall proved a rich source, theologically and psychologically. It also changed attitudes toward nudity and the feminine, becoming a powerful touchstone for Essay, a legacy of misogyny and asceticism.

13 The rehabilitation of Eve has been a long process. For some contemporary artists, the figure of The Changing Legacy, Eve offers a way back to the prelapsarian world of myth. brad Kunkle, for Western Religions, example, does not use direct references to classical deities, although he acknowledges they address perennial “belief patterns and desires of the human spirit.” 14 Contemporary artists often feel that they lack sufficient knowledge of meaning of customer, Greco-Roman myth to work in that idiom—or fear that their audience will not understand it. Eve remains a familiar figure, and freeing her from the tradition of Essay, demonization is dinner with dad, a viable way to re-enchant the world. The vertical composition of Kunkle’s The Proposition (2008) is fairly conventional, with two naked figures flanking the Tree of Knowledge and the serpent between them. Both figures are female, however, alluding to Western Religions the underground tradition of Adam’s independent first wife, Lilith, as a participant in the drama. Kunkle’s style is and Porn, neither neoclassical nor neo-Romantic, but a contemporary riff on the aesthetic of the English Pre-Raphaelites and continental fin-de-siecle artists such as Gustav Klimt and Fernand Khnopff. Western Religions Essay! He works from as freedom photographs for the figures, which are nearly monochromatic. The flesh tones are a warm grisaille, reminiscent of Western, nineteenth-century photography. The three-dimensionality of the figures plays against the flat, decorative quality of the background, underscored by the use of gold leaf—for the Art Nouveau curves of Eve’s serpent—and silver leaf, for amaranth, the luminous space visible through the trees. There is Western Religions, a similarly effective deployment of gold and silver in Summoning a Sleeper (2010), a horizontal image of a contemporary girl sleeping in a field, protected by the magic circle of a gold serpent.

Kunkle’s The Daughters of Mandelbrot (2011) approaches some classical themes from an unexpected direction. A trio of cutting-edge beauties, with spiky hair and Feminism and Porn Essay, slinky black slip dresses, stands at the edge of a marsh, holding gleaming salvers amid a shower of gold leaf and engaging in some kind of ritual. The title alludes to the famous Mandelbrot Set, a set of points that generates a distinctive two-dimensional fractal shape. The emphasis on the mathematics of beauty is a clue that we are in the presence of a new version of the Three Graces, Aphrodite’s handmaidens. Kunkle’s women don’t look like the Western Religions, classical Graces, seen in the Boston exhibition in a Pompeiian fresco, or like the group to the left of Venus in Botticelli’s Primavera. but they are clearly part of the mythic sisterhood. The classicist Jean-Pierre Vernant writes: “Myth. is amaranth, only alive when it goes on being recounted. The myth-story. is both polysemous like a poetic text, in its multiple layers of meaning, and, unlike a poem, not fixed in definite form. The story remains somewhat open to innovation.” 15 The artists working today to recover the aesthetic legacy of the past would do well to Essay respect Aphrodite, whose special province is beauty, in all its contradic- tory and inexhaustible power. By reconnecting to the ancient myths, we open up a treasure house of poetic possibilities. “Aphrodite and the Gods of Love” was on view through February 20, 2012, at the Museum of Fine Arts, boston, 465 Huntington Avenue, boston, Massachusetts 02115. On the web at

It travels to the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, California (March 28–July 9, 2012), the San Antonio Museum of Art in Texas (September 15, 2012–February 17, 2013) and the Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa, Oklahoma (March 3–May 26, 2013). Juliette Aristides, Classical Drawing Atelier: A Contemporary Guide to Traditional Studio Practice (New york: Watson-Guptill Publications, 2006), pp. Restaurant! 85–86. Aphrodite and the Gods of Love, edited, Christine Kondoleon with Phoebe C. Segal (Boston: MFA Publications, 2011). Rachel Kousser, “The Female Nude in Western Religions, Classical Art: between Voyeurism and Power,” Aphrodite and the Gods of Love, p. 166. For an engaging retelling by an eminent classicist, see Jean-Pierre Vernant, The Universe, the of Cleopatra's Legacy, Gods and Men: Ancient Greek Myths, translated, Linda Asher (New york: Harper Collins, 2011), pp. 12–13. The Oxford Book of Classical Verse, edited, Adrian Poole and Western Religions Essay, Jeremy Maule (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000), p. 75. For a well-researched and lively study of this topic, from a feminist perspective, see Marina Warner, Monuments and Maidens: The Allegory of the Female Form (London: Weidenfield and Nicolson, 1985).

Cited, Jean Richer, “Romanticism and meaning, Mythology: The Use of Myths in Literary Works,” Roman and European Mythologies, compiled by Yves Bonnefay, translated under the direction of Wendy Doniger (Chicago and London: University of Western Religions, Chicago Press, 1992). p. 265. Anne Hollander, Moving Pictures (New York: Alfred A. Knoph, 1989), p. Dinner With Dad! 60. All Ligare quotes from email exchanges with the author, October 8–11, 2011. See Peter Trippi, “Patricia Watwood: Making the Timeless Timely,” Fine Art Connoisseur (December 2011), pp. 36–40. A notable exception comes from pop culture, an interlude in Essay, Terry Gilliam’s film The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1988), in which a radiant, flirtatious Uma Thurman plays Venus, with Oliver Reed as her jealous husband, Vulcan.

All Miller quotes from email to author, November 4, 2011. For a rich analysis of the orthodox doctrine of the Fall, along with the Gnostic coun tertradition, see Elaine Pagels, Adam, Eve and the Serpent (New York: Random House, 1988). Email to author, October 3, 2011. Copyright 2006-2017 Newington-Cropsey Cultural Studies Center.