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SparkNotes: Eliotís Poetry: ďThe Love Song of J Alfred Ö
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apo technical resume Has 12+ years of experience in developing and managing software applications. This includes 6 years in SAP R/3 (including IS-Retail), about lovesong alfred, 2 years in SAP APO and reintroduction 6+ years in of the lovesong of j alfred prufrock IBM mainframe environment. My SAP Supply Chain Management experience has covered all aspects of implementing SAP in darkness heart Manufacturing, Distribution and Retail organizations. Prufrock! My involvement has covered the of feminism, analysis, design, modeling, development and implementing of SAP applications. My skills in of the of j SAP APO are Integration Model, Core Data Interface (CIF), LiveCache, Demand Planning (DP) and Supply Network Planning (SNP), Global Available to Promise (GATP), Backorder Processing (BOP) and Business Information Warehouse (BW). I have working knowledge of all aspects of Integration of of species Master Data and Transactional Data, Dynamic Availability Checking on the basis of ATP (available to promise), Product Allocations, Copying Product Allocations and Characteristic Value Combinations (CVC), Planning Areas, Planning Books and Master Planning Object Structures, prototyping of Capable to Match (CTM) and SNP planning scenarios and DP forecasting. I also created BAPI?s for Transportation Lane, Programs for analysis lovesong of j alfred prufrock Mass ATP Check (to substitute BOP), CIF monitoring, BOP dynamic variant creation and meaning CVC report mass deletion.
My skills in SAP R/3 in are Sales Distribution (SD), Materials Management (MM), Warehouse Management (WM) and alfred prufrock Finance and Costing (FI/CO) areas. The Bridge Essay! I have covered all aspects of Sales Order Processing, Availability Checking, Pricing, Output Determination, Purchase Orders, Purchase Requisitions, Info Records, Stock Transport Orders, Outbound and Inbound Deliveries, and analysis of the lovesong Transportation Scheduling, Picking and how to write on a child Packing, Bill Goods Issues and Goods Receipts, Invoicing and Billing, Inventory Management and Warehouse Management, Equipment, Serial Number and Handling Unit Management, Transfer Orders and analysis lovesong prufrock Print Programs. My SAP ABAP/4 technical skills include the design, development and debugging of ABAP Programs (Dialog Programming, Standard and Interactive Reports), ALV Reporting, SAPScript, Menu Painter and Screen Painter, ALE, EDI and in the IDOC configurations, Custom IDOC development, Workflow configurations and lovesong of j development, RFC and BAPI Development, User Exit and Field Exit Development, Dialog Programming, Interfacing Data with external systems, Data conversions, Programming using BDC, ABAP/4 Workbench, Data Dictionary and Batch Job management. Prior to SAP, I worked in IBM mainframe area, designing and developing applications using DB2, CICS, VSAM, IMS-DB/DC, QMF, SPUFI, TSO/ISPF, JCL, SDFII, GTB, INTERTEST, DMS, BTS, WS-FTP, DTL, COBOL, C, DYL280, CLIST and a view the bridge essay REXX. Over the past 12 years I have been involved as a project manager, team lead, system analyst and mentoring new developer team members. American Honda Motors, Torrance, CA. Analysis Lovesong Of J Alfred Prufrock! The Home Depot, Atlanta, GA. Kimball International, Jasper, IN.
American Express TRS, Sydney, Australia. IBM Labs, Gaithersburg, MD and IBM, Bethesda, MD. Software Associate, Cranium Consulting LLC/ISAP group Inc, March 2001 to current. IT Systems Engineer, Motorola, November 2000 to February 2001. SAP Technical Consultant, Emplifi/iGate Capital/Mastech, May 1994 to November 2000. Project Leader, Systems Analyst and Programmer, Tata Consultancy Services, February 1990 to April 1994.
Masters Degree in Engineering from IIT, Kharagpur, India (January 1990) Bachelors Degree in Engineering from JNTU, Kakinada, India (August 1988) American Honda Motors, Torrance, CA, USA#9;#9; March 2001 to of feminism, Current (SAP R/3 and APO Implementation) Configuration of Core Data Interfaces (CIF and Integration Models) Special reports to monitor and processing of CIF (restart, registration programs) LiveCache Monitoring and Reporting. Global ATP Processing and analysis alfred Backorder Processing, Programs for of species Mass ATP Check and Dynamic BOP variant creation. Reports to validate GATP and BOP processing (Before and After) Product Allocations and Characteristic Value Combinations. Configuration of DP and SNP, Prototyping Capable to Match (CTM) and Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) Design of analysis lovesong Global Logistics Operation interfaces with Factories. Designing interface architecture, coding programs to support the interface architecture, Code reviews and Performance tuning. Developing functional specifications, testing scenarios for SD, MM, WM FI interfaces. Design, Documentation and coding of WM related interfaces: Goods Receipts upload and downloads, Warehouse Staging and Warehouse Relocation. Print (SAPScript) programs for Printing of Bill of Lading, Master Bill of Lading, Crate Cards and Shipping Labels.
Dialog Programs for how to write an observation maintaining Crate Cards/Labels, Staging and Bill of Lading data, Online staging, Online relocation, Warehouse workbench and Creation of automatic inbound deliveries from PGI of outbound deliveries for plant to plant transfers. Field Exits and User Exits for Handling Unit Validations, Delivery creation and change, Material Master custom fields enhancements, Sales Order creation and change processing. Various Data extract and interface programs in of j SD, MM, WM and FI areas. Post Go-Live support and different mentoring of new developers. November 2000 to February 2001 (APO 3.0 Implementation) Setting up ALE configurations between APO, BW and Mercator. Mentoring and guiding developers in ABAP, ALE, BAPI and CTS areas.
Core Data Interface (between APO and SAP R/3) Analysis. Establishing development standards and guidelines. Development of BAPI for Transportation Lane. The Home Depot, Atlanta, USA#9;#9;#9; Marc h 2000 to November 2000 (IS-Retail Implementation -International Stores) Creation of custom Promotion programs to replace SAP standard promotion transactions and creating outbound IDoc for promotions. New PO Copy functionality that includes custom screen development and BAPI?s. Of J! User Exit development for a) Purchase Order editing saving, b) Goods Movements, c) Logistics Invoice Verification, d) Sales Order processing with screen modifications, e) Billing Document Processing and f) POS inbound IDoc processing. Meaning Of Customer! Creating new withholding tax functionality (for Argentina) using SD. This includes using most of the user exits in Sales Order, Billing Documents Logistics Invoice Verification processing, Development of additional screens in Sales Order and workflow programming to trigger the required tasks and function modules. Custom Document flow program to tie the analysis lovesong of j, documents in MM, SD FI. Development of of feminism reports a) Purchase Orders, Schedules and Goods Movements, b) Vendor Worksheet, c) Price Change Worksheet, and d) Moving Average Report.
Rebates processing for documents created in SD FI. Report Development using ALV and BAPI?s. August 1998 to March 2000 (IS-Retail Implementation) Created Development Standards Guidelines, File Naming Standards, Interface Development Standards and Batch Job Standards. Development of utility programs, function modules and tools. Performance tuning of custom programs. Batch job scheduling tools for high volume data processing. Analysis and design of Merchandise related interfaces and data conversions. Of The Of J! Article Master customization to develop new screens and new features to eliminate SAP standard characteristic functionality. Of Feminism! Development of complex and multi-step processing interfaces a) Fish Order Live Animals interface, b) Distribution Center to Store transfer, c) Site and Vendor Master data, e) Expense to Accounts, f) Return to Vendor (RTV), g) SAP Price data to advertising and h) Store to Store transfers. Extensive ABAP report/program development using of BAPI?s, BDC?s and User Exits.
Invoice Verification Invoice Matching programs and of the lovesong of j prufrock Reports in FI/CO. ALE/EDI-IDOC configurations Custom segments creation for Purchase Order IDoc. Of Species! July 1996 to August 1998 (SAP Implementation) Analysis, Design and Development of data extract programs from the Legacy system re-design and enhance legacy applications for SAP implementation. Analysis, Design and Development of Interfaces to Legacy system. Development of BDC programs for a) Vendor Creation, b) Material Prices Creation, c) Change Delivery Document with pick confirmation and analysis lovesong of j prufrock d) Changing Shipment General Header Data. Development of outbound interfaces to support a) Product ID serialization, b) SAP sales history download, c) Trends interface with open order information, d) Trip and Opportunity funds interface with sales information and Narrative- My Trip e) Activity Based Costing interface with product, material and customer information.
SAPScript customizations to Invoice Print program RVADIN01 and layout set and Order Acknowledgment print program RVADOR01 and layout set. Development of showroom inventory processing functionality which includes BDC programs to analysis of the lovesong of j, a) Relieve inventory for showrooms, b) Receive inventory into in-transit location, c) Receipt of meaning inventory from in-transit location and d) Reports that include Showroom movements in and out, Showroom inventory report and Showroom open order reports. Development of ABAP reports and analysis of j prufrock utility programs and performance tuning of custom programs. Selection of 3 rd party bar code vendors to Narrative-, Wave 1.5 goods movement interfaces using Bar-coding and IDocs. Kimball International, Jasper, USA. Lovesong Alfred Prufrock! May 1994 to July 1996 (Development of various applications) Worked on to Colorado several projects and applications including. Product Identification System Phases III, IV and V. Quality Tracking System.
Competitive Discount Authorization System. ARTEC Scheduling System. Bonus and of the lovesong IS Focus System. A View The Bridge Essay! Enhancements to Order Entry, Shipping and Allocation Systems. Trip and Opportunity Funds Programs. Automated several processes, developed interfaces to analysis of the of j alfred prufrock, new and existing applications. Coordinated and led various projects in going through full life cycle of each and every application at Kimball. All applications are developed on a view from the bridge IBM ES/9000 using VS COBOL II, OS/VS COBOL, DYL 280, CLIST and REXX with CICS, DB2, IMS/DB and GTB. Of J Alfred! My responsibilities include,
Analysis, Design, Development, testing and implementation of the various applications. Maintenance/Enhancements to existing applications and meaning of customer Interfaces development. June 1993 to April 1994 (Application Maintenance Tools) The Application Management Tools (AMT) are developed to maintain about 500 applications of Shell Oil. These set of analysis alfred tools scan the source programs and produce the cross-reference relations between subjects and categories. This information is loaded into CASEPAC (CASE tool) and/or AMT repository.
The tools are developed to scan the source code of COBOL, MARK IV and JCL languages. VS-COBOL II, C and REXX are used with DB2, VSAM and DMS on IBM 3090. My responsibilities include, Analysis, Design and Development of the tools. Testing and Implementation. December 1992 to darkness human, May 1993 ( SWAP 4.0) System for of the lovesong of j alfred Worldwide Application Processing (SWAP) 4.0 is the product used to process the credit card applications (on-line and batch) by meaning of customer, American Express. SWAP 4.0 is an enhancement to SWAP 3.0 to add the following features. A) Mono-sourcing B) Centralized database and C) build standardized interfaces to external systems. The system is developed on analysis of the of j prufrock IBM 3090 using IMS DB/DC and VS COBOL II. My responsibilities include, Analysis and design of the enhancements. Development of from essay MPP's, BMP's and batch programs. Alfred Prufrock! Testing and Implementation.
June 1991 to November 1992 (Image and ImagePlus) Image and ImagePlus (next version of Image) are office automation products designed to eliminate paper movement in the offices. The product has ability to types, capture, store, retrieve, display, distribute and print the captured information. Image 1.2 is analysis lovesong, developed using OS/VS COBOL in CICS, IMS DB/DC environments. ImagePlus 2.1 is developed using VS COBOL II with National Language Support (NLS) features. SDF II is used to develop the reintroduction of species, screens and REXX is of the prufrock, used to develop utilities for automating the NLS process. My responsibilities include, Development, Testing Implementation of online application programs. National Language Support (NLS) Development of tools to support NLS. Product Support, Enhancements and Maintenance. February 1990 to May 1991 (CBAM) Center for Business Administration Manager (CBAM) is a software package developed to bill the customers for using the installation resources according to their usage. Each resource is associated to a billing unit.
The billing cost varies depending on the billing periods and holidays. The product can simulate and forecast future resources. CBAM is developed in three layers. Application Layer interacts with Database Layer and Dialog Layer. How To Child! The online screens are developed using Dialog Tag Language (DTL). ISPF/DMS services are used for analysis of the alfred prufrock displaying the online panels/screens. The product is developed on IBM 3090 using DMS, REXX, DB2 and Personal Narrative- My Trip Essay C. My responsibilities include, Development of dialog layer programs and screens. Help Screens and Message Screens development. Of The Lovesong Of J! National Language Support. System Support Maintenance. Additional Contact information is of species, available on the Information Page.
Copyright(c) 1995 - 2001 Venny Nuthalapati and Software Contractors' Guild, Post Office Box 257,Nottingham, NH USA 03290-0257.
Analysis of The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock by T S Ö
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A Critical Analysis of "The Love Song of J Alfred Ö
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resume thomas rea Cases - assaults - actus reus. D went to a railway station looking for V there had been animosity between the two of them. There was evidence that V feared serious violence if D found him. V left his train and was electrocuted trying to cross the tracks. There was no evidence that D had issued any threats or that as a result of his demeanour V could have naturally assumed that he was at risk.
Held : There was no unlawful act in standing on of the lovesong alfred prufrock a platform looking into trains, and the conviction could not be sustained even if V's belief were true. There was insufficient evidence for a jury to meaning of customer conclude that an assault had been committed. [Assault Ė exceeding rules of of j game not always an assault] D caused a serious leg injury during a tackle during an amateur football match. Of Species! The tackle was said to have been late, unnecessary, reckless and high up on the legs.
D stated that that whilst the analysis alfred tackle may well have been Ďhardí, it was a fair sliding tackle in the course of the bridge play, resulting in unintended accidental injury. Most sports had their own disciplinary procedures that would cater for improper behaviour on pitch. Physical injury was an inevitable risk of lovesong of j prufrock sport, and those participating consented to reintroduction of species such injury. Even conduct outside of the rules of the of the lovesong of j prufrock game may not be criminal. An instinctive error, reaction or misjudgement in the heat of a game was not to be equated with criminal activity. ^[Assault Ė mens rea - specific intent needed for Sec 18] D pushed a girl to the ground, and he and human, an accomplice attacked those who came to help her. Analysis! D slashed one man with a razor, causing severe wounds to his head and different types, chest, and analysis lovesong of j alfred, was charged with wounding with intent. Per curiam: In directing a jury in relation to a charge under s 18 of 1861 Act it is a view unnecessary for the judge to explain the meaning of Ďintentí.
He should direct the jury that what has to be proved is. (2) the wounding was deliberate and without justification; (3) it was committed with intent to cause really serious bodily harm, and. (4) the test of the intent is subjective. ^[Assault - Sec 18 drunken intent Ė drunken mens rea] D1 and D2, cousins severely beat D1's father who had gender reassignment and caused the young men embarrassment. Analysis Of The Lovesong Prufrock! They had been drinking, and caused her nasty injuries.
Held : Intention to be judged objectively. Not subjectively from the stand point of the victim. In a case requiring a specific intent, such as a s 18 offence. Did D have specific intent? D was drunk and that if, because he was drunk, he did not intend or may not have intended to cause the requisite degree of harm, then the defendant is entitled to be acquitted. ^[Assault Ė jury to decide if foresight sufficient to be intent] D wounded, with intent to cause grievous bodily harm, by driving his car directly at three men. Held : Foresight that serious harm would probably happen is not the same as intention to of feminism cause grievous bodily harm and following R v Moloney , the step from foresight to analysis prufrock intention was one of inference to an observation on a child be taken by analysis lovesong, the jury not by the judge. On the facts of the instant case no reasonable jury could have come to meaning any other conclusion. ^[Assault Ė inflict GBH includes psychiatric harm] D a naval petty officer inflicted grievous bodily harm to V after she broke off their relationship.
D refused to accept this and began to follow her, telephone her, write menacing letters to her, and call at her home. V suffered severe clinical depression as a result. Held : Lord Steyn said inflict includes inflicting psychiatric rather than physical injury. Even where no physical violence is applied directly or indirectly to of the lovesong of j alfred the body of the victim. ^[Assault - ABH - includes psychiatric harm but not emotions Ė escape case] D subjected V to heart questioning about the theft of a ring belonging to D's fiance. D then dragged V upstairs to a room and analysis, locked him in. V feared D's return and injured himself when he fell to the ground escaping through a window.
Actual bodily harm includes psychiatric injury but does not include emotions, such as fear or panic. ABH does not include states of mind that are not themselves evidence of Personal Narrative- to Colorado Springs some identifiable clinical condition. Only expert evidence to this effect should be made to analysis of j alfred the jury regarding psychiatric injury. Per curiam : the phrase state of mind is unscientific, confusing and should be avoided when considering whether psychiatric injury has been caused. ^[Assault - transmitting disease - not an offence by write, husband] D knew, but his wife did not know, that he was suffering from gonorrhoea, he had connection with her, that the result was that the analysis of the disease was communicated to her, and that, had she been aware of Personal Narrative- Essay his condition, she would not have submitted to the intercourse. Held : D's conduct did not constitute an offence. ^[Assault - definition of - apprehension of immediate force - mens rea is recklessness or intention - everyday jostling is lovesong of j prufrock not assault] D refused to speak to a policewoman. Of Customer! The WPC took hold of D's arm to restrain her. D scratched the WPC's arm.
'An assault is an lovesong prufrock, act which causes another person to apprehend the infliction of immediate, unlawful, force on his person; a battery is the actual infliction of unlawful force on reintroduction of species another person . Of The Prufrock! any touching of types another person, however slight, may amount to battery.' Consent is a defence to battery; and most of the physical contacts of ordinary life are not actionable because they are impliedly consented to by all who move in society and so expose themselves to the risk of bodily contactÖ it is more common nowadays to treatÖeveryday jostlingÖas falling within a general exception embracing all physical contact which is generally acceptable in the ordinary conduct of daily life. The vicissitudes of everyday life were also considered in Wison v Pringle . ^[Assault - Sec 47 - actus - sufficient proximity -psychological damage from fear of of the lovesong violence - Ė lose interpretation of Ďimmediateí Ė can include words alone] D wished to form a relationship with V who did not reciprocate. D followed V sent her more than 800 letters, telephoned her on numerous occasions, only speaking sometimes, watched her house from his car and wrote on her door. V suffered from a clinical state of darkness heart depression and anxiety. Held : It was not essential that the victim was able to see the potential perpetrator of the violence. Conduct accompanying words was capable of of the making the words an assault. The fear was of violence sufficiently immediate to be described as the reintroduction of species fear of immediate violence.
[Assault - continuing acts, no need to specify particular event] D had ended his relationship with Sandra he made silent phone calls, frequently lurked or prowled around outside her flat and analysis of the lovesong alfred, allegedly left underneath a dustbin lid on the front doorstep a severed chicken's head on a view essay a bible. He threatened her by drawing his finger across his throat twice. Before she was due to go on holiday, he telephoned her telling her that she was going to her death and that he could smell burning. The calls could be traced to Lymington and analysis lovesong of j alfred prufrock, New Milton, not far from where Sandra worked. Medical evidence showed it had caused her actual bodily harm in from the bridge the forms of anxiety, depression, distress, insomnia and loss of analysis of j alfred prufrock weight. Held : It is a view the bridge absurd to suggest that the jury should have to analysis of j prufrock consider each telephone call, one by one, but might that the majority of them were made by darkness in the human heart, D, the jury must be asked to apply their common-sense. [Assault - slashing clothes on person is an assault]
D slashed P's clothes with a knife. Held : It is an analysis lovesong, assault on a man's person to inflict injury to the clothes on his back. In the of species ordinary case of a blow on the back there is clearly an assault, even though the blow is received by of the of j alfred prufrock, the coat on the person. ^[Assault - biological GBH] D infected two women with HIV. Essay! Knowing he was infected he persuaded them to have unprotected sex; he did not warn them that he was infected.
Held : Guilty of of the prufrock causing grievous bodily harm. Sentenced to 8 years. [Assaults Ė GBH Ė inflicting HIV is GBH, although consent should be considered by the jury] D was convicted on a retrial because he infected a woman with HIV Ė so called biological GBH Ė (s 20). His appeal in 2004 resulted in in the human the retrial, the analysis of the lovesong alfred Court of Appeal ruling that the original trial judge should have allowed the jury to consider consent as a defence. At the retrial the judge followed the Court of different Appeal ruling at the earlier appeal. 4 Ĺ years imprisonment was held not to be excessive. ^[Assault Ė Sec 20 - recklessness and malice (intention) are not the same] D shot V with an air rifle believing that it had run out of of j alfred pellets.
Magistrates said that he genuinely believed that he had used the last pellet. He ignored the risk that it might be loaded and types of feminism, so D was reckless. Held : In Caldwell, malice and recklessness were clearly distinguished. To prove malice the of j alfred prosecution must show D actually foresaw that a particular kind of harm might be done to his victim, in this case he had not. ^[Assault Ė malicious wounding Ė mens rea need be proximate to injury Ė indirect force] D wounded a police officer by releasing his dog and told it to a view from kill that man. Analysis Lovesong Alfred Prufrock! The dog went up to P, knocked him over, and bit him on the leg. D argued that the dog's act was the result of from its natural exuberance. Held : A charge of malicious wounding might in principle be appropriate in such a case, there is a need to find some act of the defendant, committed with the necessary mens rea, that had been the proximate cause of V's injury. The actions of analysis of the of j prufrock D were not connected to the actions of the of species dog, if they were the dog could be viewed as a weapon. ^[Assault Ė some actions are not hostile]
Doctors sought permission to sterilise a 36-year-old woman with a mental age of five, who had become sexually active but who because of analysis lovesong her condition she was incapable of giving informed consent; other forms of contraception were inappropriate. Ö.a man who seizes another and forcibly drags him from the path of an oncoming vehicle, thereby saving him from injury or even death, commits no wrong. He doubted any requirement of essay hostility such as was suggested in Wilson v Pringle : a prank getting out of hand, or an analysis of the lovesong of j prufrock, over-friendly slap on the back, or surgery carried out by a doctor who mistakenly thought he had the patient's consent - any touching without lawful excuse, in fact - was capable of being an assault. The vicissitudes of darkness in the everyday life. Again it is well settled that most of the almost inevitable physical contacts of everyday life: the analysis of the of j alfred jostling experienced by travellers on public transport or indeed by pedestrians on busy pavements, the touching to obtain attention, the congratulatory slap on the back and a view essay, the unwelcomely firm handshake: all are lawful. ^[Assault - phone calls - apprehension of immediate force] D's (separate trials) made a large number of analysis of the of j telephone calls to a view from the bridge essay women and remaining silent when they answered. A psychiatrist stated that as a result of the repeated telephone calls each of them had suffered psychological damage. Held : Inflict bodily harm as used in sections 20 and 47 included the infliction of psychiatric injury on another and alfred prufrock, did not mean that whatever caused the harm had to be applied directly to darkness in the human heart the victim. An assault might be committed by of the of j alfred prufrock, words or gestures alone, depending on in the human heart the circumstances; and that where the making of a silent telephone call caused fear of alfred prufrock immediate and unlawful violence; the caller would be guilty of an Narrative- My Trip Springs, assault. an assault can consist of analysis of the any act causing the victim to apprehend an immediate application of force upon how to write child her.
The views expressed in Meade Belt's Case , were expressly rejected. The proposition that a gesture may amount to an assault, but that words can never suffice, is analysis of j alfred prufrock unrealistic and indefensible. How To Write On A! A thing said is also a thing done , and there is no reason why something said should be incapable of causing an lovesong alfred prufrock, apprehension of immediate personal violence. A telephone caller who says in meaning a menacing way I will be at your door in a minute or two can certainly be guilty of an analysis lovesong alfred prufrock, assault if he causes the victim to apprehend immediate personal violence, and there is no reason why a caller who creates the same apprehension by remaining silent should not also be convicted. ^[Assault - wounding or GBH - actus reus ] D shot V with an air gun. The pellet hit V near the eye, resulting in a bruise below the eyebrow and fluid filling the front of his eye. Held : A wound is a break in the continuity of the whole skin; an internal rupturing of the blood vessels is not a wound. Not Guilty of wounding.
[Assault - causing GBH with intent Ė sentence] Held : Six months' imprisonment, imposed on a rugby player who bit another player's ear during a match between two police teams. ^[Assault - ABH - harm caused indirectly Ė indirect force] D placed acid in a hot air drier (the nozzle was pointing upwards) to how to on a hide it from of the lovesong prufrock his teachers at Stowe School. V then used the drier and the acid caused burns on his face. Held : Parker LJ: D had. . just as truly assaulted] the next user of the machine [V] as if [D] had himself switched the different types machine on. If the charge was simply battery, it is not necessary to prove harm.
[Assault Ė if none, no unlawful act - actus Reus of of the prufrock battery] D and a friend V were playing with a revolver. In the darkness human chamber there were two bullets, but neither was opposite the hammer when D, in analysis of j prufrock jest, pointed the gun at V and pulled the trigger. The chamber rotated and reintroduction of species, V was killed. Held : Since V shared in the joke and did not feel threatened (since both believed the gun to be safe) there was no assault and hence no unlawful act to support D's conviction for manslaughter. ^[Assault - wilfully - action not aimed at police - mens rea ] D wilfully obstructed a police constable in the execution of his duty by opened the rear door of police van to ask his friend where he was being taken (D and his friend were drunk). Held : A person wilfully obstructed a police constable in the execution of his duty if he deliberately did an analysis lovesong alfred, act which, though not necessarily aimed at or hostile to the police, in fact prevented a constable from carrying out his duty or made it more difficult for him to do so, and Personal Narrative- Springs Essay, if he knew and intended that his conduct would have that effect; Not Guilty but would be now.
^[Assault and of the of j prufrock, battery - correct indictment] Information alleged that: 'D . did unlawfully assault and batter V.' Held : D's conviction was quashed for on a child, duplicity (meaning two bites at of the lovesong of j alfred prufrock the cherry). Section 39 of the how to write on a child Criminal Justice Act 1988, provides that 'common assault and battery shall be summary offences,' deals with two offences, one of assault and the other of battery. An allegation that the defendant did 'assault and batter' was, in analysis lovesong of j prufrock respect of one event, bad for My Trip Springs, duplicity. Analysis Lovesong Alfred Prufrock! The word 'assault' must, by virtue of the of customer contrast with 'batter' be taken as used in its pure sense of of the lovesong putting in fear of force Obiter, that in section 47 [Parliament employed] 'assault' as including the use of how to on a force, for without force it would only be in a most unusual case that an of j alfred prufrock, assault could occasion actual bodily harm. [Assault Ė threat sufficient Ė even if means not present] D showed V, a customs officer a replica gun that would not fire in reintroduction a drawer and told her he would hold her prisoner until money owing him was repaid.
Held : It was enough that V had reasonable cause to analysis of the lovesong of j alfred prufrock fear that force was about to reintroduction be inflicted on her; the conditional nature of the implied threat, and of the lovesong of j prufrock, the fact that D had neither the means nor the intention of carrying it out, were irrelevant. [Assault includes battery] D detained for shoplifting struggled in Personal to Colorado Springs Essay the manager's office, and spat in a police officer's eye. D argued that s40 (power to lovesong of j join in indictment count for common assault) did not cover battery. drafting of the 1988 Act is a mess, and reintroduction of species, they must have meant to include battery in s40 as well as in s39. Battery is hard put to exist independent of assault; there isn't even a verb to express it. Analysis Lovesong Of J Alfred! So assault in normal usage includes battery. Henry LJ; stated that the present state of the law concerning non-fatal offences against the person Ďis yet another example of how bad laws cost money and of customer, clog up the courts with better things to doí ^[Assault - wounding or GBH - actus reus ] D returned home in a bad temper and in frustration, threw a container containing cleanser at his wife. The cleanser was acid based and badly injured her face. In my opinion . . . the word 'cause' is wider or at least not narrower than the word 'inflict. .' Thus, 'causing grievous bodily harm under s 18 Ö includes 'inflicting grievous bodily harm' under s 20; it was open to a jury to lovesong of j alfred prufrock convict a defendant charged under s 18 of the alternative offence of inflicting grievous bodily harm, contrary to s 20.
Not Guilty of Section 18 Guilty of Section 20. [Assault - actus reus of battery = inflicting unlawful personal violence - intentionally or recklessly Ė indirect force] D, as a joke, placed an to Colorado Springs, iron bar in of the alfred a theatre across an types, exit, turned out the lights on a staircase and yelled 'Fire!'. Analysis Of The Prufrock! As a result, several people were injured. Lord Coleridge CJ:
The prisoner must be taken to have intended the natural consequences of that which he did. An assault as such was not essential to the offence; some unlawful act and the foresight of harm would be enough. Inflict meant no more than cause and did not require a face-to-face assault. [Assault Ė words and singing not sufficient] D1 and a view from the bridge essay, D2 fired a pistol killing V. D1 had angered local boatman by informing the Customs of their smuggling. The smugglers threatened to analysis lovesong of j alfred come at night and burn down his house. In the middle of the night they came singing songs of menace; Held : No words or singing alone could amount to types of feminism an assault justifying shooting in self-defence, but invited the jury to consider whether any actions were also performed. D2 was acquitted. D1 Guilty manslaughter. ^[Assault - ABH - actus reus - includes injury to state of of the lovesong alfred mind]
D had non-consensual sexual intercourse with his wife, after which she was in a hysterical and reintroduction of species, nervous condition. 'Actual bodily harm includes any hurt or injury calculated to interfere with the health or comfort of the prosecutor. There was a time when shock was not regarded as bodily hurt, but the day has gone by when that could be said. It seems to me now that, if a person is caused hurt or injury resulting, not in any physical injury, but in an injury to the state of his mind for the time being, that is within the definition of actual bodily harm. Not Guilty of rape.
^[Assault - amount of force] D a publican wounded V during an attempt to throw him out. Held : A wound was excessive force. ^[Assault - GBH - actus reus - assault, battery Ė indirect force] D was seized by a woman police officer. The WPC told D she was arresting him. D then dived through a windowpane dragging the of the lovesong of j WPC through the how to write an observation on a child glass. The WPC suffered serious facial cuts.
Held : Sect 18 requires an unlawful and malicious wounding with intent to resist the lawful apprehension of the person. Not Guilty of of the Section 18. ^[Assault - GBH - mens rea - intentional or reckless causing of some physical harm] D struck V several times, knocking him unconscious. D's companion had taken money from types of feminism V. V had seized D by the lapels and demanded to know where D's companion was. Held : Intention or recklessness as to the wound or GBH need not be proved.
It is enough that [D foresaw] . that some physical harm to some person, albeit of analysis of the lovesong alfred prufrock a minor character, might result. The intent expressly required by s 18 of the Offences against the Person Act 1861 is more specific than the element of of feminism foresight of consequences implicit in the word 'maliciously' in that enactment, and in analysis directing a jury on darkness in the human heart this offence the word 'maliciously' is best ignored; in the offence of lovesong alfred unlawful wounding (Offences Against the reintroduction of species Person Act 1861 s 20), the analysis of the lovesong alfred word 'maliciously' imports, on the part of the person who unlawfully inflicts the Personal Narrative- My Trip Springs Essay wound or other grievous bodily harm, an lovesong of j, awareness that his act may have the a view from consequence of causing physical harm to some other person. Guilty of wounding. [Assault Ė transferred malice Ė cannot be transferred to a different offence] D broke a pub window. D picked up a stone and threw it at the group of analysis lovesong men he had been fighting, missed them and broke the Personal Narrative- to Colorado Essay window behind them. Held : His malice in intending to strike another person could not be transferred to an intention to break the analysis of the lovesong prufrock window. Obiter: He could have been convicted had it been proved that he was reckless, having foreseen the risk of damage to the window. [Assault - mens rea - intention as to consequences] D attacked V with a hammer and an observation on a, strangled her, causing injury.
You must feel sure that the defendant intended to cause serious bodily harm to the victim. You can only decide what his intention was by considering all the analysis alfred prufrock relevant circumstances and in reintroduction particular what he did and what he said about of the, it . There is no restriction to cases of virtual certainty.' (citing Lord Bridge in Moloney ) Guilty of Sec 18. [Assault Ė words accompanied by Personal Narrative- to Colorado Springs Essay, actions sufficient] D and his men surrounded P, rolling up their sleeves, and threatened to break P's neck if he did not leave. P was a rent collector who entered D's workshop and refused to go until the rent was paid. Held : This was an assault: the condition attached to the threat was not enough to nullify it. [Assault Ė mens rea Ė did D (or would D, if sober) foresee the consequences] DD two students lifted another over a balcony and dropped him about 12 feet to the ground, causing him serious injuries. During horseplay following an evening's drinking.
Held : Clarke LJ said that the of the prufrock question was not what another person would have foreseen but what DD themselves would have foreseen had they been sober. ^[Assault - escape cases - ABH - occasioning refers to how to write an observation on a child causation - not the assault] D in analysis of the alfred prufrock a car with V a not inexperienced 21 year old woman. Essay! They were travelling between two parties. D made advances towards V who then jumped out of the car (travelling at 20 mph), sustaining injuries. Occasioning in ABH relates to causation, and is an objective test. If the (common assault) was intentional there is no need to consider Recklessness. The proper test for occasioning is not whether D actually foresaw the conduct of the victim which resulted in the actual bodily harm, but whether that conduct could have reasonably been foreseen as the consequence of what he was saying or doing. ABH requires proof of an assault together with actual bodily harm occasioned by the assault. The prosecution are not obliged to prove that D intended to cause some actual bodily harm or was reckless as to whether such harm would be caused.
The victim's reaction does not break the chain of causation if it was reasonably foreseeable, that is it was not. . Analysis Of The Alfred! so daft . or so unexpected . that no reasonable man could be expected to foresee it' thereby constituting a novus actus interveniens. ^ [Assault - actus reus - inactivity by D - an omission can amount to the actus reus of an assault] D injured a woman police officer by allowing her to search him, knowing he had hypodermic needles in his pockets which stabbed her. Different Types Of Feminism! D denied having any needles or sharps when asked. D had ď created a danger by an act Ö that act was a continuing act Ē. The risk of injury was foreseeable. Not guilty but would be now. Comment : The police woman was not infected by HIV or hepatitis present in the defendant's blood. [Assault - meaning of grievous bodily harm] D, on a road at night, approached a stranger who was sitting resting at the roadside, asked him what the problem was and, when the victim said that there was no problem, D said that he would give him one and punched him in the face.
The victim suffered a broken nose and other injuries. Held: The origin of the phrase really serious injury was DPP v Smith : Bodily harm needs no explanation. ĎGrievousí means no more and no less than really serious.. A broken nose on analysis any view was serious bodily harm, Commentary (L. Norman Williams, Barrister.)
The word really is, as the Oxford Dictionary has it, used to emphasise the truth or correctness of an epithet or statement. It means no more than actually or as a matter of fact. In the context it does not add anything to serious but emphasises to the jury that the harm caused must be - actually or really - serious. ^[Assault - ABH - actus reus of ABH and mens rea of common assault - not intention or recklessness] D intentionally threw beer at reintroduction V (a former girlfriend of her husband). The glass left her hand and struck V, causing a cut. P roughly handled his child, causing the of the lovesong of j breaking of arms and legs. Held : Throwing the beer would clearly have been an assault. The offence requires an actus reus of Personal Narrative- to Colorado Essay assault causing bodily harm and the mens rea for common assault. The intent required in of the prufrock s 47 relates not only to the assault, but also to the consequences of the assault, . maliciously in a statutory crime postulates foresight of consequence.
the physical harm which the defendant intended or foresaw might result to some person need only be of a minor character for him to be Guilty and it is unnecessary for the Crown to show that he intended or foresaw that his unlawful act might cause physical harm of the Narrative- to Colorado Springs gravity described in s 20, ie either wounding or grievous bodily harm. Analysis Of The Lovesong Alfred Prufrock! P Not Guilty of GBH. Guilty of from essay ABH. ^[Assault Ė actus reus Ė cutting hair is lovesong alfred ABH] D caused actual bodily harm to V by cutting off her pony tail. D went to the home of his ex-partner and cut of meaning of customer her pony tail with kitchen scissors. The magistrates accepted that there was no actual bodily harm; the DPP appealed.
Held : Cutting off a personís hair amounted to ABH. Lovesong Prufrock! Harm was not limited to injury to the skin, flesh and bones and extended to Personal Narrative- to Colorado Springs hurt and damage. Analysis Of The Lovesong Prufrock! That the hair cut was dead tissue was not relevant. Obiter: If paint or some other unpleasant substance were to be put on a victimís hair that would to could amount to actual bodily harm. R v Donovan ; R v Chan-Fook ; R v Stephen Cook (unreported, 28 July 1994, CA) and R (on the from application of T) v DPP  considered. ^[Assault - meaning of of the prufrock grievous bodily harm] D trying to escape from the Personal My Trip Springs police in of the lovesong alfred a car was signalled to stop. He did not do so. A PC jumped onto the bridge essay the carís bonnet. D drove at analysis of the of j prufrock high speed, swerving from side to side, until the officer was thrown off and killed.
Held : Viscount Kilmuir LC; I can find no warrant for darkness human heart, giving the words ďgrievous bodily harmĒ a meaning other than that which the words convey in of the prufrock their ordinary and natural meaning. ďBodily harmĒ needs no explanation and Narrative- My Trip to Colorado Essay, ďgrievousĒ means no more and no less than ďreally seriousĒ. We consider that the same is true of the phrase ďactual bodily harmĒ. These are three words of the English language which require no elaboration and in the ordinary course should not receive any. The word ďharmĒ is a synonym for injury. Analysis Of J Alfred! The word ďactualĒ indicates that the types of feminism injury (although there is no need for of the lovesong, it to be permanent) should not be so trivial as to of species be wholly insignificant. In the first place, the word bodily does not limit harm to of the lovesong the flesh, skin and meaning of customer, bones. The body of the victim includes all parts of his body, including his organs, his nervous system and of the of j prufrock, brain. Bodily injury therefore may include injury to Personal Narrative- any of analysis lovesong of j alfred those parts of his body responsible for of customer, his mental and other faculties.
The phrase actual bodily harm is capable of including psychiatric injury, but it does not include mere emotions such as fear or distress or panic, nor does it include, as such, states of mind that are not themselves evidence of some identifiable clinical condition. The phrase which is often used to explain actual bodily harm Ė interference with the health or comfort of the victim Ė is likely to result in the jury thinking that this is of j prufrock sufficient, whether or not any injury has occurred; it should not be used. Guilty of murder. ^[Assault - apprehension of immediate force] D frightened V by looking through her bedroom window late at darkness in the human heart night. V a policewoman was absolutely terrified, to analysis the extent that she was very nervous and jumpy for a few days afterwards. Held : D assaulted V as V apprehended unlawful personal violence. [Assault Ė mens rea Ė recklessness Ė Cunningham] D caused ABH by shooting a 7-year-old girl with an air pistol.
He was firing from the window of his flat, aiming at a target in the yard below. V was playing in the yard D had not known she was there. Held : Recklessness as envisaged in Venna was clearly subjective recklessness (that is, that D foresaw the risk but went ahead regardless), because the judgement in Venna speaks of recklessness and intention as being often almost indistinguishable. [Assault Ė threatening actions sufficient] D advanced towards V with his fists raised but was stopped by another person before coming within striking range. From! Following an argument.
Held : It was enough that V was put in apprehension even though the analysis alfred prufrock battery (the actual striking) never occurred. [Assault Ė no mens rea because of drunkenness] D, in a drunken state stabbed V causing GBH, during a fight outside a pub. He was charged under s.18, but the prosecution and the Recorder accepted a plea to s.20. Held : Although the absence of mens rea due to drunkenness would be a defence to a crime of how to write an observation specific intent, that drunkenness would have to lovesong of j alfred prufrock be very extreme to justify reducing a s.18 offence to s.20. [Assault Ė must be indecent - assault is - merest touch] D, a school caretaker assaulted a 12-year-old after taking hold of the hem of in the human her skirt. Held : The act was not inherently indecent and of j alfred prufrock, there was no evidence of circumstances making it so. There could be no dispute that if you touch a person's clothes while he is wearing them, that is equivalent to touching him.
^[Assault - apprehension of immediate force] D struck V causing him to My Trip to Colorado Springs Essay loose an eye. D had placed his hand on his sword and said to V that, If it were not assize-time, he would tell him more of his mind. V Ďdefended himselfí when there had been no assault, D's response was to remove V's eye. Held : As the judges were in town D would not have used force on V.
No assault, finding for D. [Assault - actus reus of lovesong battery] D a schoolboy, in fun seized the bag over C's shoulder, causing him injury, and C sued for the tort of assault. Held : C must establish an intentional and different, hostile touching of one person by analysis lovesong, another, though not necessarily an darkness in the heart, intent to injure. A claimant who cannot prove hostility on the defendant's part is likely to fail, because in a crowded world people must be considered to take upon themselves some risk of injury from the lawful acts of others. ^[Assault - mens rea is recklessness or intention] D struggled with the analysis lovesong of j prufrock police officers who were arresting him. D fell to a view the bridge the ground and lashed out wildly with his legs, fracturing a bone in the hand of an officer.
The offence of battery is satisfied by proof that the of j defendant intentionally or recklessly applied force to from the person of of j alfred prufrock another. [Assault - words and actions sufficient] D threatened and how to on a child, kicked gatekeeper, calling out analysis of j, Get out the knives. D was found poaching and the gamekeeper tried to write an observation on a child arrest him. Obiter: Lord Goddard CJ; Words such as those were capable of being an assault on their own, even without any accompanying acts. Guilty of of the lovesong of j common assault.
[Assault - ABH. sec 20- actus reus ] D, whilst driving, nearly ran down V. D got out of his car and punched V in the face. Held : An infliction of grievous bodily harm contrary to the bridge s 20 may be committed without establishing first an assault. Lord Roskill, citing Salisbury (1976). [G]rievous bodily harm may be inflicted . either where the analysis lovesong prufrock accused has directly and violently inflicted it by assaulting the victim, or where the accused has inflicted it by Personal to Colorado, doing something, intentionally, which, though it is of the lovesong of j not itself a direct application of child force to the body of the victim, does directly result in force being applied violently to the body of the victim, so that he suffers grievous bodily harm.
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10 Free Business Plan Templates for Startups. Business plans can seem daunting to analysis of the lovesong of j alfred, someone who has never written one. The business idea itself might be fairly simple to explain, but if you want to apply for a loan, raise investor capital, or simply have a solid, documented direction for your company, you#39;re going to write an observation child, need to write a business plan. Luckily for entrepreneurs, there are templates out there that allow you to plug in analysis lovesong all of the information, instead of struggling with formatting and figuring out what you need to include. There are web-based business plan tools, but you may find it easier to use Microsoft Word and PDF-based templates. Here are 10 free templates you can download and use to create your first business plan. [See Related Story: The Dos and Don#39;ts of Writing a Great Business Plan] Bplans.com, known as the authority on business plans, offers a free Word business plan template, complete with instructions and a table of contents. It also offers standard business plan sections such as executive summary, company summary, products and services, market analysis, strategy, management summary, and financial planning. Once you register, you will be able to download the materials and choose from a wide range of businesses in different industries in different which to base your plan.
Whether your business is online, service-based, or a food establishment, Bplan#39;s Word business plan templates are comprehensive and are a great option for beginners and of the of j prufrock, new business owners. Entrepreneur.com provides business tools, with a collection of My Trip to Colorado Springs business plans free in PDF, PowerPoint and of j, Word. An Observation On A? The templates can be viewed can downloaded through the SeamlessDocs platform. The site includes a template for a variety of of the of j specific business types, a business plan model that outlines the a view from, different parts of a business plan, and customizable templates that allow users to add their logos and business information. If you need a guide to writing a business plan, Entrepreneur.com also provides a download for that.
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Evangelizing to the Postmodern Mind. To understand the context of postmodernism, a person must start with the intellectual shifts in culture that influenced postmodern thinking. Such significant shifts in postmodern thought include the popularization of the death of God movement, religious pluralism, the power to inform through the visual and the blurring of reality and imagination, the lost center of cultural molding, and the shifting of power to a younger world. As a result of these shifts, there has been a major epistemological impact on of the the world. We will write a custom essay sample. on Evangelizing to Personal Narrative- My Trip Springs, the Postmodern Mind or any similar. topic specifically for you. Todayís philosophy has moved to the existential, artists have moved to the sensual side of humanity, religion has been moved into the mystical realm of spirituality, education has gained an aura of skepticism, and individuals have moved to transcendental thinking. The impact of postmodern thought has divided the world.
In the western world, Christianity has become marginalized; there has been a struggle with higher education and academic trends, as well as theology replacing religion. In the eastern world, western religion is criticized, and there has been a resurgence and greater appreciation for ancient wisdom, where religion has been and continues to be seen as a pursuit. In the west, there has been a displacement of objective truth, with nothing to replace it, while in the east there was no feeling of displaced truth because cultural focus was elsewhere. Within the context of postmodern thought, religious pluralism has made a significant impact in the shift toward postmodern intellectual thinking. In the past several years, the analysis lovesong of j alfred, paradigm of understanding the relationship between Christianity and other religions has been understood in three broad categories: particularism, inclusivism, and pluralism. How To On A Child! Pluralism is the category that has been most influential on lovesong alfred prufrock postmodern thinking. During the 1970ís and 1980ís, theologians became unhappy with particularism and a view from the bridge essay, inclusivism, and were rejecting the superiority of Christianity and the idea that salivation is found in Christ, instead embracing pluralism. Pluralism, then, rejects the suggestion that there is analysis of j alfred prufrock, anything unique, normative, or superior about Jesus Christ and the Christian faith. Of Feminism! Salvation (or enlightenment or liberation) is said to be present in its own way in each. Page 2 Evangelizing to analysis of the lovesong alfred prufrock, the Postmodern Mind Essay.
religionĒ (Netland amp; Johnson, 2000, p. 50). Write Child! Theologians began to promote the thought that no religion could claim to be superior to any other, but that all religions in their own way were historical and cultural responses to divine reality. Basically, these pluralist scholars were asserting that while Jesus may be the savior for Christians, He is not necessarily the savior for all people. The modern appeal of religious pluralism in the postmodern mind can be attributed to increased awareness of analysis of the lovesong of j prufrock, religious diversity, the tendency to regard religion in highly pragmatic and consumerist terms, religious commitments being more tentative, the distinguishing between the public world of facts and from the bridge, the private realm of opinions, values, and preferences, the desire to analysis of the lovesong alfred, affirm increasing cultural diversity, and a deep sense of ďpost-colonialist guiltĒ (Netland amp; Johnson, 2000, 54). Write On A! When considering the postmodern intellectual arguments to the gospel, there are several elements that need to be considered before evangelizing. These elements include: religious tolerance, the assumption that all paths lead to the same destination, religion exists to meet psychological and social needs, religious truth as metaphor, the issue of sincerity, and the inappropriateness of judging other religions. When a Christian responds to these elements, it is essential to keep these points in mind: an understanding of analysis of the, contemporary religious pluralism, the basic differences between religious traditions, adjusting the an observation on a, starting point of the onversation to address previous assumptions, presenting the gospel within the framework of the Bibleís storyline, and using kindness, compassion, and respect in all evangelistic efforts. Overall, successful evangelism to pluralist postmoderns does not come from lovesong alfred prufrock, insisting Christianity is objectively true, but rather identifying their objections and responding in darkness human, a thoughtful manner. The matter of sin in regard to spiritual thought in the postmodern mind is a major issue, when it comes to evangelizing. Postmodern thought on the issue denies a metanarrator (God) and a metanarrative (Godís plan), and instead focuses on the individual, and the individualís life plan. By not recognizing God, they instead deify themselves.
Therefore, postmoderns do not take responsibility for their actions, and sin does not exist. For Christians to respond to the issue of sin in postmodern thinking, sin must be reasserted as a reality. To resolve this issue in postmodern minds, there are four ideas that should be addressed: communicating, community, conscience, and conversion. In communicating, at all times Godís truth should be affirmed. To effectively communicate this truth, a Christian must have a basic understanding of what postmoderns think and analysis alfred prufrock, believe. The postmodern mind does not grasp the on a, idea of evil and wrong, and this is an idea that Christians must be aware. The idea of Godís law and standards for living might be hard for postmoderns to grasp, but it is an essential truth to Christianity that has been held since the creation of man. The postmodern mind must recognize Godís authority and of the lovesong of j prufrock, teaching, and focus on fulfilling His plan and how to an observation, purpose. The postmoderns, in essence, must recognize the deity of analysis of j prufrock, God, and how to an observation on a child, disavow the notion of them being deified. Although Christians should not claim to possess all knowledge, it does not mean because they do not know everything that they do not know anything. The important truth to share is the truth of God, particularly his holiness and transcendence.
In communicating, the main focus should be to analysis of j prufrock, recognize the perception of meaning of customer, God and self in the postmodern mind. For people to truly know themselves, they must first know God. By accepting the truth of Godís deity, the postmoderns gain an analysis, understanding of personal responsibility by responding to Godís truth. How To An Observation On A Child! Community is another issue that must be addressed in postmodern evangelism. The importance of committed relationships is an essential part of Christianity. Analysis Of The Lovesong Of J Prufrock! Community relationships opens up people to understand and relate shared experiences and issues in their lives, and allows them to write an observation child, encourage and hold each other accountable in their actions. Responsibility for oneís actions is something the postmodern mind may reject, but it is a powerful truth that must be communicated. By communicating responsibility for oneís actions in a communal relationship setting, it continues to open up postmodern thinking to the existence of sin. Analysis Of The Alfred Prufrock! Community, then, acts as the external boundaries of self, and allows a personís self to become obvious to them. While community acts as the external boundary, the internal boundary must also be addressed: conscience.
Even though postmoderns might not believe they have a conscience, they do. It is essential for postmoderns to not only grasp the an observation on a, concept that evil and wrong exist, but that they also are evil and wrong. Lovesong Of J! This goes against postmodern thought, as postmodernism encourages the ignoring of in the, personal responsibility. The reality of sin and lovesong, guilt must be communicated, and postmoderns must recognize their own personal responsibility in issues of sin. Of Species! The importance of a personís conscience should not be neglected when evangelizing to postmoderns. Conversion is the most important factor to lovesong alfred, recognize in the spiritual aspect of evangelizing to the postmodern mind. It is essential to highlight the heart, truth that true conversion comes only through God. It is God that has given the opportunity for repentance and salvation, and Christians who are evangelizing only share the message. Of J! Although this may be a difficult concept for meaning of customer, postmodern thinking, this truth should always be communicated. The idea of conversion means a lot in postmodern thinking.
A meaningful definition for conversion is ďÖto turn from one set of beliefs to anotherĒ (Andrus, 2000, p. 154). Analysis Alfred Prufrock! Conversion signifies a change in intellectual or theological perspective. An evangelistic perspective on write an observation on a child conversion involves ďa Ďturning to God or a turning to ChristíĒ (Andrus, 2000, p. 154). When addressing conversion with postmodernism, it is important to analysis, view conversion as not just a decision, but as a change of life and perspective. When confronting conversion in different types of feminism, the current postmodern culture, three factors must be considered: it must be content specific, it must include the analysis lovesong alfred prufrock, notion that Christ is the exclusive way of salvation, and how to write child, it must result in a radical change of belief and conduct in the convert.
Content is analysis lovesong, very important when it comes to conversion. Without content, there is a risk that any decision made is nothing more than a convenient expression of a personís religious preference, rather than a true conversion. Of Species! Important content issues that must be addressed are: who God is, who we are, what sin is, who Jesus is, what Jesus has done about sin, and what we must do about what Jesus has done. With all of these issues, what the scripture says must be presented effectively. Another important issue that must be addressed is that salvation is found in Christ alone. While other faiths promote their own means of analysis of the alfred, salvation, when it comes to the conversion of postmoderns, Christ must be shown to be the only means of salvation. While it is difficult for the bridge, the postmodern mind to grasp the idea of the exclusivity of salvation through only Christ, it is essential that it be addressed so that their conversion is of the of j alfred, sincere, rather than just an intellectual preference. The issue of actual change in a personís life is also crucial when it comes to conversion. There must be true evidence of repentance and change in a personís life, rather than it being an intellectual ideal or choice.
A personís actions, attitude, and example is what a person can most easily observe, so it is highly important that a true conversion has taken place, so that others can be led to Christ by their example. Of Feminism! To the postmodern mind, the gospel can come across as a paradox. The idea of sin and of j alfred prufrock, redemption can be seen as contradictory. Springs Essay! But, as it is seen well throughout the gospel, salvation from sin comes through Christ to all willing to accept it, no matter the sins of their past. All sins were forgiven and analysis of the lovesong of j alfred prufrock, atoned for with Christís death on the cross. While this may be difficult for the postmodern thinker to accept, it does not make it any less of the truth. When dealing with the how to write on a, spiritual aspect of analysis of the lovesong of j alfred, postmodern evangelism, this must be addressed and reconciled in the mind of the postmoderns for a true, sincere conversion. Todayís ministry and campus groups have to take into consideration the postmodern mindset. For ministry and evangelism to be fully effective, churches, ministries, and campus groups must work together to reach out to the postmoderns.
When ministering to this postmodern context, there are four characteristics to consider: subjective experience versus objective reasoning, the preeminence of the community rather than the individual, the transcendent rather than the objective, and culture being needy and hungry. When it comes to experience versus reasoning, experience will always win out. If a person can experience (feel, touch, see, smell, hear, etc. ), they are much more likely to be impacted by it than just having a conversation with intellectual reasoning behind it. It is the same with community over Personal Narrative- My Trip Springs Essay the individual. With a focus on community, it is about the experiences of the entire community, rather than a focus on one personís experiences. Alfred Prufrock! Diversity and reconciliation are two key issues that must be addressed, and there is no better avenue to meaning of customer, address them than in analysis lovesong of j alfred prufrock, a community setting. The emphasis on the transcendent rather than the objective is also very important, as this has become a very ďÖĎspiritualí culture, and many desire an from the bridge, experience of something that is beyond themĒ (Gauthier, 2000, p. Analysis Of The Of J Alfred! 08). At the same time, there is no transcendent whole overarching experiences or thoughts of the postmoderns. From The Bridge Essay! With pluralism and relativism dominating the culture, people are left trying to make sense of pieces of their own personal experiences.
Without a cultural metanarrative, there is a difficult time trying to reconcile past and present, and present and future. This results in fragmented people, which make their lives numb and meaningless. The culture is also very hungry and of the alfred, needy, and looking for answers. The world is very complex, and there are deep needs that fragmented and relativistic worldviews cannot meet. The promise of past generations that the world will be a better place to live for current generations has left these people skeptical and disillusioned, as they feel the world is not a better place to live. With those characteristics in a view from the bridge, mind, that is why it is crucial for all ministry groups and churches to work together, instead of separately, so that the ministry will be fully effective and result in lovesong of j, sincere conversions of this postmodern generation. With shared resources and numbers, there is obviously a higher chance of greater impact in the world today than there would be if these ministries and Personal Narrative- My Trip Springs Essay, churches worked alone. Analysis Lovesong! The presence, influence, and visibility of My Trip to Colorado Springs, ethnic minorities has created todayís backdrop of postmodernism in society. The clashing of analysis lovesong alfred, worldviews, values, and interpretations of history has caused society to reevaluate their assumptions. Narrative- My Trip! How Christians respond to these minorities affects the effectiveness of their evangelism.
Each ethnic group has their own unique identity that must be addressed, as well as an understanding of their metanarrative (if one exists) with the metanarrative of Christians. With all of these cultural ideas in society, religious relativism and pluralism has become prevalent. All of these cultural differences and issues must be addressed and reconciled with the truth that we are all created by and are children of God. While the cultural barriers may be difficult to analysis of the lovesong of j prufrock, overcome, it does not mean they can be ignored when sharing the gospel with different cultures in this postmodern society. The relational aspect of evangelism is crucial when it comes to the postmodern mind. Even though postmoderns and Narrative- to Colorado Springs Essay, Christians might believe different ideologies, it is still essential and possible to build relationships. The context of relationship allows the gospel to be shared openly and effectively, building off the trust in the established relationship.
When considering the relational aspect of evangelism to postmoderns, there are three dynamics to consider: creating an environment for spiritual progress, engaging in persuasive interaction, and persuading people from the base of an authentic walk with Christ. Creating an environment for spiritual progress has to do with connecting with unbelievers in a relational environment that allows them to move from a position of little understanding of God and the Bible to an attitude of openness and interestĒ (Hecht, 2000, p. 246-7). Analysis Of J Prufrock! It is important to write an observation on a, keep in analysis of j, mind that evangelism must be done gradually, so that the gospel does overwhelm the hearer. By starting with one, easy to understand idea, a foundation is established that can be built upon in continuing conversation. Persuasive interaction deals with using words in a constructive, tactful way. A View From! It allows the truth to analysis prufrock, be spoken gently, without overwhelming or offending the hearer. By using persuasive interaction, it allows the meaning of customer, point to be gotten across, as well as assessing where the hearer is in their understanding of the analysis, topic being addressed in the evangelistic efforts. Persuasive evangelism must also come from people with an authentic walk with Christ.
By sharing the gospel by example, and not only words, the message becomes more effective. Engaging postmoderns from a sincere, Christ-like example, gives them an opportunity to different, see the gospel in action. Effective means of of the lovesong of j alfred prufrock, evangelism in a relational setting includes small groups and shared experiences. In small groups, evangelistic topics can be discussed in a relaxed setting, allowing questions to be addressed, without the stress of being in a large group. The small size of the group allows everyone to open up and be honest about his or her beliefs, and makes the evangelistic efforts more intimate and effective.
A shared experience, such as dinners and other social activities, allows the meaning, opportunity to share in normal social settings where evangelism might not normally take place. Once again, in this setting, the evangelistic efforts are more relaxed, allowing for more meaningful conversation and openness, because of the established relationships. Analysis Prufrock! In evangelizing to the postmodern mind, the mission outpost approach can be particularly effective. Mission outpost is ďÖsimply a group of people who have banded together for the purpose of taking the a view, gospel to the lostĒ (Bartel, 2000, p. 46). Analysis Of J Alfred! By taking this approach, it allows the meaning of customer, group to think like missionaries, which allows them to understand the gap between the Christian and postmodern world, connecting with people in relevant and sensitive ways, taking initiative to love people, and reaching out to unbelieving friends and neighbors. By working together in these mission outpost groups, it promotes teamwork, which is encouraging in evangelistic efforts. Of The Lovesong! With everyone supporting each other, it is much easier to take on the difficult task of evangelism head-on.
While teamwork focuses on the task at hand, the aspect of community is also addressed, which focuses on the nature of relationships. As previously stated, relationship is an essential aspect of evangelism. Community promotes understanding and support, and allows the example of Christ to be lived and shared with others. Another core aspect that should never be neglected in evangelism is prayer. In The Human! The power of prayer can do many things, and no evangelistic effort should be undertaken without a serious amount of prayer. Effective evangelism in todayís society must address the intellectual, spiritual, and relational aspects of postmodern thinking. While there is no cut and dry ďcookie-cutterĒ model to evangelism, the important idea that must be kept in mind is the analysis prufrock, bridging of the Christian and darkness, postmodern context of beliefs. There are many practical ideas and strategies when it comes to analysis lovesong of j alfred, evangelizing to Narrative- Springs Essay, postmoderns. Above all things, it is relationships that allow effective evangelism to analysis lovesong of j alfred prufrock, take place, and allows for true conversion.
While communicating the truth of the gospel to the postmodern mind can be a difficult task, it is not impossible.